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Imaging of acute abdomen in cancer patients

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The pattern of disease causing acute abdominal pain has changed over last few decades, some of this has been attributed to intraabdominal cancers. The most common acute abdominal complaints in cancer patients are related to the gastrointestinal system. Abdominal emergencies in cancer patients can result from the underlying malignancy itself, cancer therapy and/or result from the standard pathologies causing acute abdomen in otherwise healthy population. Therapy-related or disease-related immunosuppression or high dose analgesics often blunt many of the findings which are usually expected in non-cancer general population. This complicates the clinical picture rendering the clinical exam less reliable in many cancer patients, and resulting in different pathologies which clinicians and the radiologists should remain aware of. This article focuses on imaging illustrations with differential diagnosis for various emergency scenarios related to acute abdomen specifically in oncologic settings.

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ACM: Came up with the concept and design of the work, literature search, editing, revising manuscript, collecting and working on images, references. AKH: literature search, drafting, editing, revising manuscript, LPM: provided images, reviewed manuscript. VS: reviewed manuscript. OL: reviewed manuscript. TKB: reviewed manuscript. KME: reviewed manuscript.

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Correspondence to Ajaykumar C. Morani.

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Morani, A.C., Hanafy, A.K., Marcal, L.P. et al. Imaging of acute abdomen in cancer patients. Abdom Radiol 45, 2287–2304 (2020).

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