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Cinematic rendering of small bowel pathology: preliminary observations from this novel 3D CT visualization method

  • Steven P. Rowe
  • Linda C. Chu
  • Elliot K. Fishman
Pictorial essay

Abstract

3D visualization methods for volumetric CT data have played an important role in diagnostic imaging of the small bowel, a structure which intrinsically crosses numerous slices in any 2D imaging plane. Recently, a new approach to 3D CT image creation has become available—cinematic rendering (CR). CR differs from other 3D methods in making use of a global lighting model that produces high surface detail and realistic shadowing effects that lead to 3D visualizations with photorealistic quality. Although the utility of these images for improving diagnostic accuracy has not yet been established, our group’s early experience in regions of complex anatomy and pathology has been encouraging. In this pictorial review, we review the established role of 3D CT in many of the most common small bowel pathologies, provide examples of those pathologies visualized with CR, and suggest future directions for researchers to pursue.

Keywords

Cinematic rendering 3D CT Carcinoid Gastrointestinal stromal tumor 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Funding

No funding was received by the authors in relation to writing this manuscript.

Conflict of interest

EKF receives research support from Siemens and GE Healthcare and is a co-founder and stockholder in HipGraphics, Inc. The other authors have no relevant conflicts of interest to report.

Ethical approval

This manuscript does not detail a defined study and no ethical approval was necessary.

Informed consent

No patient data are included in this manuscript and informed consent was not applicable.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven P. Rowe
    • 1
  • Linda C. Chu
    • 1
  • Elliot K. Fishman
    • 1
  1. 1.The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute and Department of UrologyJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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