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Value of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy in patients with vasospastic angina

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To assess the presence and location of presynaptic myocardial sympathetic abnormality in patients with vasospastic angina, iodine-123 labelled metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) single-photon emission tomography (SPET) was performed. Fifty patients suspected of having vasospastic angina pectoris were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent a provocative test with intracoronary ergonovine infusion during coronary angiography, in which 99%–100% obstructive spasm was defined as a positive result. Twenty-five patients were diagnosed as having vasospastic angina based on a positive provocative test. MIBG SPET was performed at 20 min and 3 h after administration of 111 MBq of MIBG. On early images, only 5 of 25 patients with vasospastic angina showed a mild reduction in MIBG uptake, whereas 3-h delayed images demonstrated MIBG abnormality in 20 patients (80%). The location of the MIBG abnormality was completely or partially consistent with the spastic coronary territory in 18 patients. On the other hand, only 4 of 25 patients (16%) with a negative provocative test demonstrated reduced MIBG uptake. Accordingly, positive and negative predictive values of MIBG SPET for the provocative test were 83% (20/24) and 81% (21/26) respectively. In conclusion, MIBG scintigraphy with SPET can permit the non-invasive detection and evaluation of suspected vasospastic angina.

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Received 16 July and in revised form 26 November 1997

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Taki, J., Yasuhara, S., Takamatsu, T. et al. Value of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy in patients with vasospastic angina. Eur J Nucl Med 25, 229–234 (1998).

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