18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT at 60 and 120 minutes in patients with prostate cancer: biodistribution, tumour detection and activity kinetics
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PSMA-targeted PET in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) has a significant impact on treatment decisions. By far the most frequently used PSMA ligand is 68Ga-labelled PSMA-11. However, due to the availability of larger amounts of activity, 18F-labelled PSMA ligands are of major interest. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the biodistribution and performance of the novel 18F-labelled ligand PSMA-1007 at two different time points.
This retrospective analysis included 40 consecutive patients (mean age 68.7 ± 8.1 years) referred for PSMA PET/CT. 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT was performed for localization of biochemical relapse, primary staging or therapy follow-up. Circular regions of interest were placed on representative slices of the liver, spleen, kidney, abdominal aortic blood pool, bone marrow (fourth lumbar vertebral body), urinary bladder and gluteus muscle at 60 and 120 min after injection. In malignant lesions the maximum standardized uptake (SUVmax) was measured within volumes of interest at both time points. All SUVs at 60 min were compared with those at 120 min after injection.
The activity in the blood pool, urinary bladder and gluteus muscle was very low and decreased significantly over time (P < 0.001). Uptake in the liver, spleen and kidney showed a significant increase over time and uptake in the bone marrow remained stable. Overall, 135 PCa lesions were detected at 60 min and 136 lesions at 120 min after injection. The median SUVmax increased significantly (P < 0.001) from 10.98 to 15.51 between 60 and 120 min.
PCa lesions show a significant increase in 18F-PSMA-1007 uptake at 120 min compared with 60 min after injection. In addition, accumulation of the tracer in the urinary bladder was very low leading to improved contrast of adjacent PCa lesions. Increasing accumulation in the liver may limit the sensitivity of the tracer in detecting liver metastases.
KeywordsProstate cancer PSMA-1007 PET/CT
We thank the Radiochemistry Group at the Department of Nuclear Medicine for their highly reliable production of 18F-PSMA-1007, as well as the technologists for their support.
Compliance with ethical standards
The University of Münster received consulting fees from ABX GmbH, Radeberg, Germany for K.R. and M.B. Additionally K.R. is scientific consultant/advisor of ABX GmbH. The authors declare they have no conflict of interest according to the subject and matter of the present article.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the principles of the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not describe any studies with animals performed by any of the authors. According to data protection guidelines, formal ethical approval for retrospective studies is not necessary.
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