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A comprehensive review of the normal, abnormal, and post-operative MRI appearance of the proximal biceps brachii

A Correction to this article was published on 16 November 2020

This article has been updated


The biceps brachii myotendinous unit, particularly the long head of the biceps tendon and its labral attachment, is a common cause of shoulder and arm pain. Its complex anatomy and normal variations can present a challenge when interpreting MR images. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the proximal biceps anatomy, variants, pathology, and post-operative appearance as seen on MRI. Recent data regarding the accuracy of clinical examination and MRI will be summarized.

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The authors would like to thank Drs. Scott Mair, Scot Sherwood, and John Payan for contributing their cases.

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Correspondence to Adam D. Singer.

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Rosenthal, J., Nguyen, ML., Karas, S. et al. A comprehensive review of the normal, abnormal, and post-operative MRI appearance of the proximal biceps brachii. Skeletal Radiol 49, 1333–1344 (2020).

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