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Current peri-operative imaging concepts surrounding shoulder arthroplasty

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Abstract

Glenohumeral osteoarthritis is a prevalent degenerative disease that can lead to excruciating pain and debility. End-stage osteoarthritis can be treated by both conservative and surgical interventions. Along with a comprehensive history and physical exam, pre-operative imaging with plain radiographs, computerized tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging plays an essential role in the decision-making process guiding whether the patient undergoes a shoulder hemiarthroplasty, anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty, or a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. The most important pre-operative imaging factors are the integrity of the rotator cuff and presence of significant glenoid erosion. Imaging is also critical postoperatively, as signs of prosthetic loosening, rotator cuff failure (especially involving the subscapularis), periprosthetic fracture, and stress fractures are important entities to recognize. This article will review pertinent imaging findings related to the pre- and post-operative management of patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

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Dekker, T.J., Steele, J.R., Vinson, E.V. et al. Current peri-operative imaging concepts surrounding shoulder arthroplasty. Skeletal Radiol 48, 1485–1497 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-019-03183-3

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