Skeletal Radiology

, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 457–471 | Cite as

Shear wave sonoelastography of skeletal muscle: basic principles, biomechanical concepts, clinical applications, and future perspectives

  • Maud Creze
  • Antoine Nordez
  • Marc Soubeyrand
  • Laurence Rocher
  • Xavier Maître
  • Marie-France Bellin
Review Article


Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and therapeutic response evaluation of muscular diseases. However, one important limitation is its incapacity to assess the in vivo biomechanical properties of the muscles. The emerging shear wave sonoelastography technique offers a quantifiable spatial representation of the viscoelastic characteristics of skeletal muscle. Elastography is a non-invasive tool used to analyze the physiologic and biomechanical properties of muscles in healthy and pathologic conditions. However, radiologists need to familiarize themselves with the muscular biomechanical concepts and technical challenges of shear wave elastography. This review introduces the basic principles of muscle shear wave elastography, analyzes the factors that can influence measurements and provides an overview of its potential clinical applications in the field of muscular diseases.


Elastic modulus Elasticity imaging techniques Review Skeletal muscle 



We are grateful for the grant from the Société Française de Radiologie – Collège des Enseignants en Radiologie de France (SFR-CERF).


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© ISS 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maud Creze
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Antoine Nordez
    • 5
  • Marc Soubeyrand
    • 6
  • Laurence Rocher
    • 1
    • 3
  • Xavier Maître
    • 3
  • Marie-France Bellin
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Radiology DepartmentBicêtre Hospital, APHPLe Kremlin-BicetreFrance
  2. 2.Laboratory Complexité, Innovations, Activités Motrices et Sportives, CIAMS (EA4532)University Paris-Sud, Université Paris-SaclayOrsayFrance
  3. 3.Imagerie par Résonance Magnétique Médicale et Multi-Modalités, IR4M, CNRS, Univ Paris-Sud, Université Paris-SaclayOrsayFrance
  4. 4.Service de Radiologie, CHU de BicêtreLe Kremlin-BicetreFrance
  5. 5.Laboratory “Movement, Interactions, Performance” (EA 4334), Faculty of Sport SciencesUniversity of NantesNantes Cedex 3France
  6. 6.Orthopedic DepartmentBicêtre Hospital, APHPLe Kremlin-BicetreFrance

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