Skeletal Radiology

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 605–622 | Cite as

The iliotibial tract: imaging, anatomy, injuries, and other pathology

  • Russell Flato
  • Giovanni J. Passanante
  • Matthew R. Skalski
  • Dakshesh B. Patel
  • Eric A. White
  • George R. MatcukJr.Email author
Review Article


The iliotibial tract, also known as Maissiat’s band or the iliotibial band, and its associated muscles function to extend, abduct, and laterally rotate the hip, as well as aid in the stabilization of the knee. A select group of associated injuries and pathologies of the iliotibial tract are seen as sequela of repetitive stress and direct trauma. This article intends to educate the radiologist, orthopedist, and other clinicians about iliotibial tract anatomy and function and the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and imaging findings of associated pathologies. Specifically, this article will review proximal iliotibial band syndrome, Morel-Lavallée lesions, external snapping hip syndrome, iliotibial band syndrome and bursitis, traumatic tears, iliotibial insertional tendinosis and peritendonitis, avulsion fractures at Gerdy’s tubercle, and Segond fractures. The clinical management of these pathologies will also be discussed in brief.


Iliotibial tract Maissiat’s band Fascia lata Gerdy’s tubercle Iliotibial band syndrome External snapping hip 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Grants received





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Copyright information

© ISS 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russell Flato
    • 1
  • Giovanni J. Passanante
    • 1
  • Matthew R. Skalski
    • 2
  • Dakshesh B. Patel
    • 1
  • Eric A. White
    • 1
  • George R. MatcukJr.
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Keck School of MedicineUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyPalmer College of Chiropractic-West CampusSan JoseUSA

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