Benign and malignant tumours and tumour-like conditions frequently present as lumps in the foot and ankle. Although definitive histological diagnosis cannot be ascertained short of a biopsy, most entities can be confidently characterised on ultrasound and/or MRI. Masses in the foot and ankle present with lump, pain, paraesthesia, restricted mobility or a combination of these. In this review we have focussed on the relative frequency of masses in the foot and ankle that present as focal lumps, with a brief description of their typical appearance on ultrasound and MRI. Ganglions were the largest group in our series representing 24 % of the masses, followed by tendon- and ligament-related lesions and, bony lesions representing 16 % and 11 % of the masses respectively.
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Ganguly, A., Aniq, H. & Skiadas, B. Lumps and bumps around the foot and ankle: an assessment of frequency with ultrasound and MRI. Skeletal Radiol 42, 1051–1060 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-013-1575-x
- Soft tissue masses
- Foot and ankle