Skeletal Radiology

, Volume 40, Issue 12, pp 1623–1627 | Cite as

Proliferative myositis: expanding the differential diagnosis of a soft tissue mass in infancy

  • Robert J. Talbert
  • Tal LaorEmail author
  • Hong Yin
Case Report


Proliferative myositis, a pseudosarcomatous lesion of skeletal muscle, is quite rare in the pediatric population. While benign, it is not always recognized as such, and may be treated with an extensive resection that can result in permanent disfigurement. We report a case of an infant with the diagnosis of proliferative myositis, who to our knowledge is the youngest patient to be evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Although the MRI findings are non-specific, we highlight the importance of considering proliferative myositis in the differential diagnosis of a soft tissue mass, which ultimately might prevent an overly aggressive resection in a child.


Infant Magnetic resonance imaging Extremity Proliferative myositis Pseudotumor 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© ISS 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric OrthopaedicsCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  3. 3.Division of PathologyCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA

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