Skip to main content

Impact of treated sewage sludge application on phosphorus release kinetics in some calcareous soils

Abstract

Treated sewage sludge contains significant amount of phosphorus and is widely used in agriculture. Kinetics of P release in soils is a subject of importance in soil and environmental sciences. There are few studies about P release kinetics in treated sewage sludge amended soils. For this purpose, sludge was mixed with ten soils at a rate equivalent to 100 Mg sludge ha−1, and P desorption was determined by successive extraction using 0.01 M CaCl2 over a period of 65 days at 25 ± 1°C. Phosphorus release rate was rapid at first (until about first 360 h) and then became slower until equilibrium was approached. Average of P released within 360 h for the unamended and amended soils was about 65 and 73% of the total desorbed P, respectively. Zero-order, first-order, second-order, power function, simplified Elovich and parabolic diffusion law kinetics models were used to describe P release. First-order, Elovich, power function and parabolic diffusion models could well describe P release in the unamended and amended soils. Correlation coefficients between P release rate parameters and selected soil properties showed that in the control soils, calcium carbonate equivalent and Olsen-extractable P; and in the amended soils, calcium carbonate equivalent, cation exchange capacity, organic matter and Olsen-extractable P were significantly correlated with P release parameters. The results of this study showed that application of sewage sludge can change P release characteristics of soils and increase P in runoff.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  • Agbenin JO, van Raij B (2001) Kinetics and energetics of phosphate release from tropical soils determined by mixed ion-exchange resins. Soil Sci Soc Am J 65:1108–1114

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Amer F, Buldin DR, Black CA, Duke FR (1955) Characterization of soil phosphorus by anion exchange resin adsorption and P32 equilibration. Plant Soil 6:391–408

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Barrow NJ (1979) The description of desorption of phosphate from soil. J Soil Sci 30:259–270

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bouyoucos GJ (1962) Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soils. Agron J 54:464–465

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Carreira JA, Lajtha KL (1997) Factors affecting phosphate sorption along a Mediterranean dolomitic soil and vegetation chronosequence. Eur J Soil Sci 48:139–149

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Castro B, Torrent J (1995) Phosphate availability in calcareous Vertisols and Inceptisols in relation to fertilizer type and soil properties. Fert Res 40:109–119

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chien SH, Clayton WR (1980) Application of Elovich equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption in soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 44:265–268

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dalal RC (1974) Desorption of soil phosphate by anion exchange resin. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 5:531–538

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Elrashidi MA, Van Diest A, El-Damaty AH (1975) Phosphorus determination in highly calcareous soils by the use of an anion exchange resin. Plant Soil 42:273–286

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Evans RL, Jurinak JJ (1976) Kinetics of phosphate release from a desert soil. Soil Sci 121:205–211

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Garcia-Rodeja I, Gil-Sotres F (1997) Prediction of parameters describing phosphorus-desorption kinetics in soils of Galicia (Northwest Spain). J Environ Qual 26:1363–1369

    Google Scholar 

  • Griffin RA, Jurinak JJ (1974) Kinetics of phosphate interaction with calcite. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 38:75–79

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Isermann K (1990) Share of agriculture in nitrogen and phosphorus emissions into the surface waters of western Europe against the background of their eutrophication. Nutr Cycl Agroecosys 26:253–269

    Google Scholar 

  • Kuo S, Lotse EG (1974) Kinetics of phosphate adsorption and desorption by lake sediments. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 38:50–54

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lookman R, Freese D, Merckx R, Vlassak K, van Reimsdijk WH (1995) Long-term kinetics of phosphate release from soil. Environ Sci Technol 29:1569–1575

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McDowell RW, Sharpley AN (2003) Phosphorus solubility and release kinetics as a function of soil test P concentration. Geoderma 112:143–154

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Food (1986) The analysis of agricultural material. Reference book 427, 3rd edn. MAFF, Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, London

  • Murphy J, Riley JP (1962) A modified single solution method for determination of phosphate in natural waters. Anal Chem Acta 27:31–36

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nelson RE (1982) Carbonate and gypsum. In: Page AL (ed) Method of soil analysis, Part 2, 2nd edn. Agron Monogr. 9. ASA and SSSA, Madison, pp 181–197

    Google Scholar 

  • Olsen SR, Sommers LE (1982) Phosphorus. In: Page AL (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 2, 2nd edn. Agron Monogr. 9. ASA and SSSA, Madison, pp 403–430

    Google Scholar 

  • Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA (1954) Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular 939, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Petersen SO, Petersen J, Rubæk GH (2003) Dynamics and plant uptake of nitrogen and phosphorus in soil amended with sewage sludge. J Appl Soil Ecol 24:187–195

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Raven KP, Hossner LR (1994) Soil phosphorus desorption kinetics and its relationship with plant growth. Soil Sci Soc Am J 58:416–423

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rhoades JD (1996) Salinity: electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids. In: Sparks DL (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part3: chemical methods. SSSA. Madison, pp 417–435

    Google Scholar 

  • Samadi A, Gilkes RJ (1999) Phosphorus transformations and their relationships with calcareous soil properties of Southern Western Australia. Soil Sci Soc Am J 63:809–815

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shariatmadari H, Shirvani M, Jafari A (2006) Phosphorus release kinetics and availability in calcareous soils of selected arid and semiarid toposequences. Geoderma 132:261–272

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sharpley AN (1983) Effect of soil properties on kinetics of phosphorus desorption. Soil Sci Soc Am J 47:462–467

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Siddique MT, Robinson JS (2004) Differences in phosphorus retention and release in soils amended with animal manures and sewage sludge. Soil Sci Soc Am J 68:1421–1428

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Skopp J (1986) Analysis of time-dependent chemical processes in soils. J Environ Qual 15:205–213

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Smith SR (1996) Agricultural recycling of sewage sludge and the environment. CAB International, Wallingford

    Google Scholar 

  • Steffens D (1994) Phosphorus release kinetics and extractable phosphorus after long-term fertilization. Soil Sci Soc Am J 58:1702–1708

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sui Y, Thompson ML (2000) Phosphorus sorption, desorption and buffering capacity in a biosolids-amended Mollisol. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:164–169

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sumner ME, Miller WP (1996) Cation exchange capacity and exchange coefficients. In: Sparks DL (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 3, chemical methods. SSSA. Madison, pp 1201–1229

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomas GW (1996) Soil pH and soil acidity. In: Sparks DL (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 3, Chemical methods. SSSA, Madison, pp 475–490

    Google Scholar 

  • Tisdale SL, Nelson WL, Beaton JD (1985) Soil fertility and fertilizers, 4th edn. Macmillan, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Toor GS, Bahl GS (1999) Kinetics of phosphate desorption from different soils as influenced by application of poultry manure and fertilizer phosphorus and its uptake by soybean. Biores Tech 69:117–121

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Walkley A, Black IA (1934) An examination of degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37:29–37

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hamed Pashamokhtari.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hosseinpur, A., Pashamokhtari, H. Impact of treated sewage sludge application on phosphorus release kinetics in some calcareous soils. Environ Geol 55, 1015–1021 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-007-1050-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-007-1050-x

Keywords

  • Calcareous soils
  • Phosphorus
  • Sewage sludge
  • Release kinetics
  • Iran