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Deciphering potential groundwater zone in hard rock through the application of GIS

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Environmental Geology


Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System has become one of the leading tools in the field of hydrogeological science, which helps in assessing, monitoring and conserving groundwater resources. It allows manipulation and analysis of individual layer of spatial data. It is used for analysing and modelling the interrelationship between the layers. This paper mainly deals with the integrated approach of Remote Sensing and geographical information system (GIS) to delineate groundwater potential zones in hard rock terrain. The remotely sensed data at the scale of 1:50,000 and topographical information from available maps, have been used for the preparation of ground water prospective map by integrating geology, geomorphology, slope, drainage-density and lineaments map of the study area. Further, the data on yield of aquifer, as observed from existing bore wells in the area, has been used to validate the groundwater potential map. The final result depicts the favourable prospective zones in the study area and can be helpful in better planning and management of groundwater resources especially in hard rock terrains.

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Authors wish to thank Dr. V. P. Dimri, Director, National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad for his encouragement and permission to publish this paper. The work has been financed by Indian National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India and authors are thankful to them.

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Correspondence to V. S. Singh.

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Prasad, R.K., Mondal, N.C., Banerjee, P. et al. Deciphering potential groundwater zone in hard rock through the application of GIS. Environ Geol 55, 467–475 (2008).

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