Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 103, Issue 9, pp 3669–3682 | Cite as

Bacillus velezensis: phylogeny, useful applications, and avenues for exploitation

  • Adetomiwa Ayodele Adeniji
  • Du Toit Loots
  • Olubukola Oluranti BabalolaEmail author


Some members of the Bacillus velezensis (Bv) group (e.g., Bv FZB42T and AS3.43) were previously assigned grouping with B. subtilis and B. amyloliquefaciens, based on the fact that they shared a 99% DNA–DNA percentage phylogenetic similarity. However, hinging on current assessments of the pan-genomic reassignments, the differing phylogenomic characteristics of Bv from B. subtilis and B. amyloliquefaciens are now better understood. Within this re-grouping/reassignment, the various strains within the Bv share a close phylogenomic resemblance, and a number of these strains have received a lot of attention in recent years, due to their genomic robustness, and the growing evidence for their possible utilization in the agricultural industry for managing plant diseases. Only a few applications for their use medicinally/pharmaceutically, environmentally, and in the food industry have been reported, and this may be due to the fact that the majority of those strains investigated are those typically occurring in soil. Although the intracellular unique biomolecules of Bv strains have been revealed via in silico genome modeling and investigated using transcriptomics and proteomics, a further inquisition into the Bv metabolome using newer technologies such as metabolomics could elucidate additional applications of this economically relevant Bacillus species, beyond that of primarily the agricultural sector.


Bacillus velezensis Beneficial compounds Genome Metabolome Microbial Omics Biotechnological application 



The first author appreciates North-West University for post-doctoral fellowship. This work is based on the research supported by National Research Foundation, South Africa (UID95111) France/SA bilateral.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies involving human participants or animals.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Natural and Agricultural ScienceNorth-West UniversityMmabathoSouth Africa
  2. 2.Faculty of Natural and Agricultural ScienceNorth-West UniversityPotchefstroomSouth Africa

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