Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 102, Issue 9, pp 4203–4216 | Cite as

Fungi from industrial tannins: potential application in biotransformation and bioremediation of tannery wastewaters

  • Valeria Prigione
  • Bruno Trocini
  • Federica Spina
  • Anna Poli
  • Davide Romanisio
  • Samuele Giovando
  • Giovanna Cristina Varese
Environmental biotechnology
  • 139 Downloads

Abstract

Tannins are a complex family of polyphenolic compounds, widely distributed in the plant kingdom where they act as growth inhibitors towards many microorganisms including bacteria, yeasts, and fungi. Tannins are one of the major components of tannery wastewaters and may cause serious environmental pollution. In the present study, four different tannins (the hydrolysable chestnut ellagitannin and tara gallotannin and the condensed quebracho and wattle tannins) were characterized from a mycological point of view with the aim of selecting fungal strains capable of growing in the presence of high tannin concentration and thus potentially useful in industrial biotransformations of these compounds or in the bioremediation of tannery wastewaters. A total of 125 isolates of filamentous fungi belonging to 10 species and four genera (Aspergillus, Paecilomyces, Penicillium, and Talaromyces) were isolated from the tannin industrial preparations. Miniaturized biotransformation tests were set up with 10 fungal strains and the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis pointed out a strong activity of all the tested fungi on both chestnut and tara tannins. Two strains (Aspergillus tubingensis MUT 990 and Paecilomyces variotii MUT 1125), tested against a real tannery wastewater, were particularly efficient in chemical oxygen demand (COD) and tannin removal (> 60%), with a detoxification above 74%. These results indicate that these fungi are potentially exploitable in the treatment of tannery wastewaters.

Keywords

Tannin Fungi Tannery wastewater Biotransformation Bioremediation 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valeria Prigione
    • 1
  • Bruno Trocini
    • 2
  • Federica Spina
    • 1
  • Anna Poli
    • 1
  • Davide Romanisio
    • 2
  • Samuele Giovando
    • 2
  • Giovanna Cristina Varese
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Life Sciences and Systems BiologyUniversity of TurinTurinItaly
  2. 2.Centro Ricerche per la Chimica Fine Srl for Silvateam SpaSan Michele MondovìItaly

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