Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 100, Issue 6, pp 2591–2602 | Cite as

Bioconcrete: next generation of self-healing concrete

  • Mostafa Seifan
  • Ali Khajeh Samani
  • Aydin BerenjianEmail author


Concrete is one of the most widely used construction materials and has a high tendency to form cracks. These cracks lead to significant reduction in concrete service life and high replacement costs. Although it is not possible to prevent crack formation, various types of techniques are in place to heal the cracks. It has been shown that some of the current concrete treatment methods such as the application of chemicals and polymers are a source of health and environmental risks, and more importantly, they are effective only in the short term. Thus, treatment methods that are environmentally friendly and long-lasting are in high demand. A microbial self-healing approach is distinguished by its potential for long-lasting, rapid and active crack repair, while also being environmentally friendly. Furthermore, the microbial self-healing approach prevails the other treatment techniques due to the efficient bonding capacity and compatibility with concrete compositions. This study provides an overview of the microbial approaches to produce calcium carbonate (CaCO3). Prospective challenges in microbial crack treatment are discussed, and recommendations are also given for areas of future research.


Self-healing Concrete Crack Bacteria Calcium carbonate Biomineralization 



This investigation was financially supported by The University of Waikato, New Zealand.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The article is original and has not been formally published in any other peer-reviewed journal and does not infringe any existing copyright and any other third party rights.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mostafa Seifan
    • 1
  • Ali Khajeh Samani
    • 1
  • Aydin Berenjian
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Engineering, Faculty of Science and EngineeringThe University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand

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