Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 98, Issue 8, pp 3389–3399 | Cite as

Generation and selection of ribozyme variants with potential application in protein engineering and synthetic biology

  • Darko Balke
  • Claudia Wichert
  • Bettina Appel
  • Sabine Müller
Mini-Review

Abstract

Over the past two decades, RNA catalysis has become a major topic of research. On the one hand, naturally occurring ribozymes have been extensively investigated concerning their structure and functional mechanisms. On the other hand, the knowledge gained from these studies has been used to engineer ribozyme variants with novel properties. In addition to RNA engineering by means of rational design, powerful techniques for selection of ribozymes from large pools of random sequences were developed and have been widely used for the generation of functional nucleic acids. RNA as catalyst has been accompanied by DNA, and nowadays a large number of ribozymes and deoxyribozymes are available. The field of ribozyme generation and selection has been extensively reviewed. With respect to the field of biotechnology, RNA and DNA catalysts working on peptides or proteins, or which are designed to control protein synthesis, are of utmost importance and interest. Therefore, in this review, we will focus on engineered nucleic acid catalysts for peptide synthesis and modification as well as for intracellular control of gene expression.

Keywords

DNAzyme Gene expression Peptide synthesis Ribozyme Regulation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darko Balke
    • 1
  • Claudia Wichert
    • 1
  • Bettina Appel
    • 1
  • Sabine Müller
    • 1
  1. 1.Ernst Moritz Arndt Universität Greifswald, Institut für BiochemieGreifswaldGermany

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