Potential and limitations of Burgundy truffle cultivation

Abstract

Burgundy truffles (Tuber aestivum syn. Tuber uncinatum) are the highly prized fruit bodies of subterranean fungi always occurring in ectomycorrhizal symbiosis with host plants. Successful cultivation can be achieved through artificial mycorrhization and outplanting of mostly oaks and hazel on suitable terrain. Here, we review ecological requirements, the influence of environmental factors, and the importance of molecular techniques for a successful cultivation of T. aestivum across Europe. The historical background and current knowledge of T. aestivum cultivation are discussed in light of its socioeconomic relevance.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the WSL internal DITREC project. We thank S. Fink for his help.

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Correspondence to Ulrich Stobbe.

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Stobbe, U., Egli, S., Tegel, W. et al. Potential and limitations of Burgundy truffle cultivation. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 97, 5215–5224 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-013-4956-0

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Keywords

  • Truffle cultivation
  • Tuber aestivum
  • Burgundy truffle
  • Ecological range
  • Molecular methods