Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 95, Issue 5, pp 1105–1114 | Cite as

Rapeseed and sunflower meal: a review on biotechnology status and challenges

  • Anne Lomascolo
  • Eva Uzan-Boukhris
  • Jean-Claude Sigoillot
  • Frédéric Fine


Rapeseed and sunflower are two of the world’s major oilseeds. Rapeseed and sunflower meal (RSM and SFM), the by-products of oil extraction, are produced in large quantities. They are mainly composed of proteins, lignocellulosic fibres and minerals. They were initially used as a protein complement in animal feed rations and sometimes as fertilizer or as combustible source. More recently, new alternatives to these traditional uses have been developed that draw on the structure and physicochemical properties of RSM and SFM, which are plentiful sources of nitrogen and carbon nutrients. This feature, together with their cheapness and ready availability, supports the cultivation of various microorganisms in both submerged cultures and solid-state fermentation. Recent studies have thus emphasized the potential utilisation of RSM and SFM in fermentative processes, including saccharification and production of enzymes, antibiotics, antioxidants and other bio-products, opening new challenging perspectives in white biotechnology applications.


Biotechnological application Oil cake Oil meal Rapeseed Sunflower 



This work was funded by the Centre Technique Interprofessionnel des Oléagineux et du Chanvre (CETIOM, Pessac, France) and the Organisation Nationale Interprofessionnelle des Oléagineux (ONIDOL, Paris, France). The authors warmly thank Ms Corinne Peyronnet (ONIDOL, France) and Dr Jean-Luc Cayol (Aix-Marseille University, France) for participation and helpful comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Lomascolo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eva Uzan-Boukhris
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jean-Claude Sigoillot
    • 1
    • 2
  • Frédéric Fine
    • 3
  1. 1.UMR 1163 INRA de Biotechnologie des Champignons FilamenteuxMarseille cedex 09France
  2. 2.Aix-Marseille UniversitéMarseille cedex 09France
  3. 3.CETIOM, Parc IndustrielPessacFrance

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