Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 96, Issue 3, pp 829–840 | Cite as

Biosorption behavior and mechanism of heavy metals by the fruiting body of jelly fungus (Auricularia polytricha) from aqueous solutions

  • Haiwei Huang
  • Lixiang Cao
  • Yuxuan Wan
  • Renduo Zhang
  • Wenfeng Wang
Environmental biotechnology

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the biosorption characteristics of Cd2+, Cu2+, and Pb2+ by the fruiting body of jelly fungus Auricularia polytricha. Batch experiments were conducted to characterize the kinetics, equilibrium, and mechanisms of the biosorption process. Optimum values of pH 5, biomass dosage 4 g L−1, and contact time 60 min provided maximum biosorption capacities of A. polytricha for Cd2+, Cu2+, and Pb2+ of 63.3, 73.7, and 221 mg g−1, respectively. The maximum desorption was achieved using 0.05 mol L−1 HNO3 as an elute. The fruiting body was reusable at least for six cycles of operations. The pseudo-second-order model was the best to describe the biosorption processes among the three kinetic models tested. Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich models fitted the equilibrium data well, indicating a heterogeneous biosorbent surface and the favorable chemisorption nature of the biosorption process. A Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis indicated that carboxyl, amine/hydroxyl, amino, phosphoryl, and C–N–C were the main functional groups to affect the biosorption process. Synergistic ion exchange and surface complexation were the dominant mechanisms in the biosorption process. The present work revealed the potential of jelly fungus (fruiting body of A. polytricha) to remove toxic heavy metals from contaminated water.

Keywords

Biosorption Jelly fungus Auricularia ploytricha Heavy metals 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was partly supported by grants from the Chinese National Natural Science Foundation (nos. 51179212 and 51039007), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, and the Research Fund Program of Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Remediation Technology (no. 2011K0004). The authors are grateful for the insightful reviews of Jeremy B. Fein at University of Notre Dame and three anonymous reviewers.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haiwei Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lixiang Cao
    • 3
  • Yuxuan Wan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Renduo Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wenfeng Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Remediation TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Life SciencesSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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