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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 86, Issue 4, pp 1017–1025 | Cite as

Biotechnological production of erythritol and its applications

  • Hee-Jung Moon
  • Marimuthu Jeya
  • In-Won Kim
  • Jung-Kul Lee
Mini-Review

Abstract

Erythritol, a four-carbon polyol, is a biological sweetener with applications in food and pharmaceutical industries. It is also used as a functional sugar substitute in special foods for people with diabetes and obesity because of its unique nutritional properties. Erythritol is produced by microbial methods using mostly osmophilic yeasts and has been produced commercially using mutant strains of Aureobasidium sp. and Pseudozyma tsukubaensis. Due to the high yield and productivity in the industrial scale of production, erythritol serves as an inexpensive starting material for the production of other sugars. This review focuses on the approaches for the efficient erythritol production, strategies used to enhance erythritol productivity in microbes, and the potential biotechnological applications of erythritol.

Keywords

Application Erythritol Erythrose reductase Industrial production Sweetener 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the 21C Frontier Microbial Genomics and Applications Center Program, Ministry of Education, Science & Technology, Republic of Korea.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hee-Jung Moon
    • 1
  • Marimuthu Jeya
    • 2
  • In-Won Kim
    • 2
  • Jung-Kul Lee
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Bioscience and BiotechnologyKonkuk UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringKonkuk UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.Institute of Biomedical Science and TechnologyKonkuk UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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