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Optimization of critical medium components using response surface methodology for biomass and extracellular polysaccharide production by Agaricus blazei

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Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize the critical medium ingredients of Agaricus blazei. A three-level Box–Behnken factorial design was employed to determine the maximum biomass and extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) yields at optimum levels for glucose, yeast extract (YE), and peptone. A mathematical model was then developed to show the effect of each medium composition and its interactions on the production of mycelial biomass and EPS. The model predicted the maximum biomass yield of 10.86 g/l that appeared at glucose, YE, peptone of 26.3, 6.84, and 6.62 g/l, respectively, while a maximum EPS yield of 348.4 mg/l appeared at glucose, YE, peptone of 28.4, 4.96, 5.60 g/l, respectively. These predicted values were also verified by validation experiments. The excellent correlation between predicted and measured values of each model justifies the validity of both the response models. The results of bioreactor fermentation also show that the optimized culture medium enhanced both biomass (13.91 ± 0.71 g/l) and EPS (363 ± 4.1 mg/l) production by Agaricus blazei in a large-scale fermentation process.

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The authors would like to thank Mr. Jian-Nan Chen for his helpful assistance in the determination of polysaccharide content.

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Correspondence to Gao-Qiang Liu.

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Liu, GQ., Wang, XL. Optimization of critical medium components using response surface methodology for biomass and extracellular polysaccharide production by Agaricus blazei . Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 74, 78–83 (2007).

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