Immunogenetics

, Volume 62, Issue 3, pp 123–136 | Cite as

Study of cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) DRA polymorphism in four populations

  • Alice Aarnink
  • Laurent Estrade
  • Pol-André Apoil
  • Yuki F. Kita
  • Naruya Saitou
  • Takashi Shiina
  • Antoine Blancher
Original Paper

Abstract

To describe the polymorphism of the DRA gene in Macaca fascicularis, we have studied 141 animals either at cDNA level (78 animals from Mauritius, the Philippines, and Vietnam) or genomic level (63 animals from the Philippines, Indonesia, and Vietnam). In total, we characterized 22 cDNA DRA alleles, 13 of which had not been described until now. In the Mauritius population, we confirmed the presence of three DRA alleles. In the Philippine and Vietnam populations, we observed 11 and 14 DRA alleles, respectively. Only two alleles were present in all three populations. All DRA alleles but one differ from the consensus sequence by one to three mutations, most being synonymous; so, only seven DR alpha proteins were deduced from the 22 cDNA alleles. One DRA cDNA allele, Mafa-DRA*02010101, differs from all other alleles by 11 to 14 mutations of which only four are non-synonymous. The two amino acid changes inside the peptide groove of Mafa-DRA*02010101 are highly conservative. The very low proportion of non-synonymous/synonymous mutations is compatible with a purifying selection which is comparable to all previous observations concerning the evolution of the DRA gene in mammals. Homologues of the allele Mafa-DRA*02010101 are also found in two other Asian macaques (Macaca mulatta and Macaca nemestrina). The forces able to maintain this highly divergent allele in three different macaque species remain hypothetical.

Keywords

MHC DRA Macaque Polymorphism 

Supplementary material

251_2009_421_MOESM1_ESM.doc (252 kb)
ESM 1(DOC 267 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alice Aarnink
    • 1
  • Laurent Estrade
    • 1
  • Pol-André Apoil
    • 1
  • Yuki F. Kita
    • 2
  • Naruya Saitou
    • 3
  • Takashi Shiina
    • 2
  • Antoine Blancher
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’immunogénétique moléculaire, EA3034, Faculté de Médecine Purpan, Toulouse 3, IFR150 (INSERM), CHU de ToulouseUniversité Paul SabatierToulouse Cedex 9France
  2. 2.Department of Molecular Life Science, Division of Basic Medical Science and Molecular MedicineTokai University School of MedicineIseharaJapan
  3. 3.Division of Population GeneticsNational Institute of GeneticsMishimaJapan

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