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Seasonal Variation in Fungal Community Composition Associated with Tamarix chinensis Roots in the Coastal Saline Soil of Bohai Bay, China

Abstract

Coastal salinity typically alters the soil microbial communities, which subsequently affect the biogeochemical cycle of nutrients in the soil. The seasonal variation of the soil fungal communities in the coastal area, closely associated with plant population, is poorly understood. This study provides an insight into the fungal community’s variations from autumn to winter and spring to summer at a well-populated area of salt-tolerant Tamarix chinensis and beach. The richness and diversity of fungal community were higher in the spring season and lower in the winter season, as showed by high throughput sequencing of the 18S rRNA gene. Ascomycota was the predominant phylum reported in all samples across the region, and higher difference was reported at order level across the seasonal variations. The redundancy analysis suggested that the abundance and diversity of fungal communities in different seasons are mainly correlated to total organic carbon and total nitrogen. Additionally, the saprotrophic and pathotrophic fungi decreased while symbiotic fungi increased in the autumn season. This study provides a pattern of seasonal variation in fungal community composition that further broadens our limited understanding of how the density of the salt-tolerant T. chinensis population of the coastal saline soil could respond to their seasonal variations.

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Data Availability

Data will be provided upon acceptance of manuscript.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation of China (31870479, 31570498) and the CAS-President’s International Fellowship Initiative (PIFI) Postdoctoral Fellowship (2021 PB0072).

Funding

This study received funding from the following sources: the National Science Foundation of China (31,870,479, 31,570,498) and the CAS-President’s International Fellowship Initiative (PIFI) Postdoctoral Fellowship (2021 PB0072).

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WZ and AB performed the experiments and prepared the manuscript. AB helped to prepare some experiments. GZ, and XW contributed in sampling from study area, and AB and WS performed the statistical analysis. WS, XW, TC, HS, and GL modified and revised the writing.

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Correspondence to Guangxiu Liu or Tuo Chen.

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Zhang, W., Bahadur, A., Sajjad, W. et al. Seasonal Variation in Fungal Community Composition Associated with Tamarix chinensis Roots in the Coastal Saline Soil of Bohai Bay, China. Microb Ecol 82, 652–665 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-021-01680-4

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Keywords

  • Coastal salinity
  • Fungal community
  • Seasonality
  • Plant coverage density
  • Fungal trophic modes