Ecogenomics of the Marine Benthic Filamentous Cyanobacterium Adonisia

Abstract

Turfs are among the major benthic components of reef systems worldwide. The nearly complete genome sequences, basic physiological characteristics, and phylogenomic reconstruction of two phycobiliprotein-rich filamentous cyanobacteria strains isolated from turf assemblages from the Abrolhos Bank (Brazil) are investigated. Both Adonisia turfae CCMR0081T (= CBAS 745T) and CCMR0082 contain approximately 8 Mbp in genome size and experiments identified that both strains exhibit chromatic acclimation. Whereas CCMR0081T exhibits chromatic acclimation type 3 (CA3) regulating both phycocyanin (PC) and phycoerythrin (PE), CCMR0082 strain exhibits chromatic acclimation type 2 (CA2), in correspondence with genes encoding specific photosensors and regulators for PC and PE. Furthermore, a high number and diversity of secondary metabolite synthesis gene clusters were identified in both genomes, and they were able to grow at high temperatures (28 °C, with scant growth at 30 °C). These characteristics provide insights into their widespread distribution in reef systems.

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Acknowledgements

The sequence data selected from the GEBA database (Accession number 2509601039) and used in this paper was produced by the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (http://www.jgi.doe.gov/) in collaboration with the user community.

Funding

The authors acknowledge CNPq, CAPES and FAPERJ for their financial support for this study. JMW thank CNPq (207751-2014/5) and CAPES for the fellowships.

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Correspondence to Fabiano L. Thompson.

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The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals: sampling permit SISBIO no. 27147-2 issue by the Ministry of Environment Institute Chico Mendes (ICMBio).

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Walter, J.M., Coutinho, F.H., Leomil, L. et al. Ecogenomics of the Marine Benthic Filamentous Cyanobacterium Adonisia. Microb Ecol 80, 249–265 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-019-01480-x

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Keywords

  • Microbial ecology
  • Cyanobacteria
  • Turf
  • Coral reefs
  • Abrolhos Bank
  • Secondary metabolites
  • Photoacclimation strategies