The Curious Case of Achromobacter eurydice, a Gram-Variable Pleomorphic Bacterium Associated with European Foulbrood Disease in Honeybees

  • Silvio Erler
  • Oleg Lewkowski
  • Anja Poehlein
  • Eva Forsgren
Minireviews

Abstract

Honeybees are prone to parasite and pathogen infestations/infections due to their social colony life. Bacterial pathogens in particular lead to destructive infections of the brood. European foulbrood is caused by the bacterium Melissococcus plutonius in combination with several other Gram-positive bacteria (Achromobacter eurydice, Bacillus pumilus, Brevibacillus laterosporus, Enterococcus faecalis, Paenibacillus alvei, Paenibacillus dendritiformis) involved as secondary invaders following the initial infection. More than a century ago, A. eurydice was discovered to be associated with European foulbrood and morphologically and biochemically characterized. However, since the 1950s–1960s, only a few studies are known covering the biological relevance of this bacterium. Here, we review the biology, ecology, morphology, and biochemistry and discuss the still unclear systematic classification of A. eurydice.

Keywords

Host-parasite interaction Apis mellifera Lactobacillus kunkeei Fructobacillus fructosus Foulbrood Brood disease 

Supplementary material

248_2017_1007_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (86 kb)
ESM 1(PDF 85 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Biologie, Molekulare ÖkologieMartin-Luther-Universität Halle-WittenbergHalle (Saale)Germany
  2. 2.Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Department of Genomic and Applied Microbiology and Göttingen Genomics LaboratoryGeorg-August University GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  3. 3.Department of EcologySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden

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