Microbial Ecology

, Volume 69, Issue 3, pp 492–499 | Cite as

Bacterial Community Structure of Autotrophic Denitrification Biocathode by 454 Pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA Gene

  • Yong Xiao
  • Yue Zheng
  • Song Wu
  • Zhao-Hui Yang
  • Feng Zhao
Environmental Microbiology


Few studies have been conducted to explore the community composition in denitrifying biocathode. Herein, the microbial communities of denitrifying biocathodes yielding current of 1 mA (reactor C1) and 1.5 mA (reactor C2) were characterized by 454 pyrosequencing. The nitrate removal efficiencies in C1 and C2 were about 93 and 85 %, respectively. The optimization of data generated high-quality sequences of 18509 in C1 and 14857 in C2. Proteobacteria was the predominant phylum, and Bacteroidetes, Chloroflexi, and Planctomycetes were the subdominant groups. Classes of Alphaproteobacteria, Anaerolineae, and Phycisphaerae may benefit the performance of current production and nitrate removal. Twenty-nine dominant operational taxonomic units (OTUs) accounted for 64 and 65 % of sequences in C1 and C2, respectively. A denitrifying pathway was constructed based on the phylogenetic analysis and function inferring of the dominant OTUs. Obviously, the 454 pyrosequencing provided a high-resolution profile of bacteria community in denitrifying biocathode.


Denitrification Proteobacteria Microbial Fuel Cell Nitrate Removal Chloroflexi 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51208490, 21177122) and the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (2012J05105).

Supplementary material

248_2014_492_MOESM1_ESM.doc (31 kb)
Table A1 (DOC 2663 kb)
248_2014_492_MOESM2_ESM.doc (2.5 mb)
Table A2 (DOC 2574 kb)
248_2014_492_MOESM3_ESM.doc (106 kb)
Fig. A1 (DOC 105 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Urban EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesXiamenChina
  2. 2.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaChina

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