Skip to main content

Is orbital susceptibility-weighted imaging superior to standard brain gradient echo sequences for detecting retinal hemorrhages?

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    Bhatia A, Mirsky DM, Mankad K et al (2021) Neuroimaging of retinal hemorrhage utilizing adjunct orbital susceptibility-weighted imaging. Pediatr Radiol 51:991–996

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Jenny C, Hymel KP, Ritzen A et al (1999) Analysis of missed cases of abusive head trauma. JAMA 281:621–626

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Keenan HT, Runyan DK, Marshall SW et al (2003) A population-based study of inflicted traumatic brain injury in young children. JAMA 290:621–626

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Bhardwaj G, Chowdhury V, Jacobs MB et al (2010) A systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of ocular signs in pediatric abusive head trauma. Ophthalmology 117:983–992

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Vinchon M, de Foort-Dhellemmes S, Desurmont M, Delestret I (2010) Confessed abuse versus witnessed accidents in infants: comparison of clinical, radiological, and ophthalmological data in corroborated cases. Childs Nerv Syst 26:637–645

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Thamburaj K, Soni A, Frasier LD et al (2019) Susceptibility-weighted imaging of retinal hemorrhages in abusive head trauma. Pediatr Radiol 49:210–216

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Altinok D, Saleem S, Zhang Z et al (2009) MR imaging findings of retinal hemorrhage in a case of nonaccidental trauma. Pediatr Radiol 39:290–292

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Zuccoli G, Panigrahy A, Haldipur A et al (2013) Susceptibility weighted imaging depicts retinal hemorrhages in abusive head trauma. Neuroradiology 55:889–893

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Beavers AJ, Stagner AM, Allbery SM et al (2015) MR detection of retinal hemorrhages: correlation with graded ophthalmologic exam. Pediatr Radiol 45:1363–1371

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to André Vaz.

Ethics declarations

Conflicts of interest


Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Vaz, A. Is orbital susceptibility-weighted imaging superior to standard brain gradient echo sequences for detecting retinal hemorrhages?. Pediatr Radiol (2021).

Download citation