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Beyond reflux: the spectrum of voiding cystourethrogram findings in the pediatric population


Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is a widely accepted radiographic imaging technique that has been traditionally used for identifying vesicoureteral reflux in children. Given the simultaneous evaluation of the lower urinary tract that is afforded by VCUG, many common and uncommon abnormalities of the ureters, bladder and urethra can also be elucidated. Knowledge of the appearance of these urological entities may facilitate their proper identification.

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Correspondence to Archana Malik.

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Higgins, J.J., Urbine, J.A. & Malik, A. Beyond reflux: the spectrum of voiding cystourethrogram findings in the pediatric population. Pediatr Radiol 52, 134–143 (2022).

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  • Anomaly
  • Children
  • Congenital
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Urinary tract
  • Vesicoureteral reflux
  • Voiding cystourethrogram