Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp 620–625 | Cite as

Emergency department imaging of pediatric trauma patients during combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan

  • Jason F. Naylor
  • Michael D. April
  • Jamie L. Roper
  • Guyon J. Hill
  • Paul Clark
  • Steven G. Schauer
Original Article



Military hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan treated children with traumatic injuries during the recent conflicts. Diagnostic imaging is an integral component of trauma management; however, few published data exist on its use in the wartime pediatric population.


The authors describe the emergency department (ED) utilization of radiology resources for pediatric trauma patients in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Materials and methods

We queried the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DODTR) for all pediatric patients admitted to military fixed-facility hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan from January 2007 to January 2016. We retrieved ED data on ultrasound (US), radiographic and computed tomography (CT) studies.


During the study period, there were 3,439 pediatric encounters, which represented 8.0% of all military hospital trauma admissions. ED providers obtained a total of 12,376 imaging studies on 2,920 (84.9%) children. Of the 12,376 imaging studies, 1,341 (10.8%) were US, 4,868 (39.3%) were radiographic and 6,167 (49.8%) were CT exams. Most children undergoing radiographic evaluation were boys (77.8%) and located in Afghanistan (70.4%), and they sustained penetrating injuries (68.0%). Children who underwent imaging had higher composite injury severity scores in comparison to those who did not undergo imaging (10 versus 9).


Military health care providers frequently utilized radiographic studies in the evaluation of pediatric trauma casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan. Deployed military hospitals that treat children would benefit from dedicated pediatric-specific imaging training and protocols.


Afghanistan Children Combat Emergency Iraq Radiology Trauma 



We would like to thank the Joint Trauma System Data Analysis Branch for their efforts with data acquisition.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest



Opinions or assertions contained herein are the private views of the authors and are not to be construed as official or as reflecting the views of the Department of the Air Force, the Department of the Army or the Department of Defense.


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and its text is not subject to copyright protection in the United States; however, its text may be subject to foreign copyright protection 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason F. Naylor
    • 1
  • Michael D. April
    • 2
  • Jamie L. Roper
    • 2
  • Guyon J. Hill
    • 3
    • 4
  • Paul Clark
    • 5
  • Steven G. Schauer
    • 2
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.28th Combat Support HospitalFort BraggUSA
  2. 2.San Antonio Military Medical CenterJBSA Fort Sam HoustonSan AntonioUSA
  3. 3.Madigan Army Medical CenterJoint Base Lewis-McChordTacomaUSA
  4. 4.Dell Children’s Medical CenterAustinUSA
  5. 5.Defense Health Agency National Capital Region Medical DirectorateBethesdaUSA
  6. 6.U.S. Army Institute of Surgical ResearchJBSA Fort Sam HoustonSan AntonioUSA
  7. 7.59th Medical WingJBSA Lackland Air Force BaseLacklandUSA

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