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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 394–406 | Cite as

Developmental venous anomalies of the brain in children — imaging spectrum and update

  • Luke L. LinscottEmail author
  • James L. Leach
  • Blaise V. Jones
  • Todd A. Abruzzo
Pictorial Essay

Abstract

Developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) are the most common vascular malformation of the brain and are commonly identified on routine imaging of the brain. They are typically considered incidental findings, usually with no clinical significance. However the increasing identification of DVAs as a result of improved imaging technology has led to recognition of their association with a variety of abnormal imaging findings and clinically important conditions. This pictorial essay explores the suspected embryological origin, associated imaging features, and proposed pathophysiological mechanisms of DVAs in the pediatric population. This paper emphasizes newer physiological imaging data, which suggest that DVA drainage has less physiological flexibility than otherwise normal venous drainage development.

Keywords

Arterialized developmental venous anomaly Brain Cerebral cavernous malformations Children Developmental venous anomaly Magnetic resonance imaging Thrombosis 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

None

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luke L. Linscott
    • 1
    Email author
  • James L. Leach
    • 1
  • Blaise V. Jones
    • 1
  • Todd A. Abruzzo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, University of Cincinnati College of MedicineCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA

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