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Development of bilateral coronary artery aneurysms in a child with Noonan syndrome

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Noonan syndrome is a constellation of congenital malformations including heart defects, facial anomalies and short stature. The cardiovascular defects are variable and extensive, with the most common being pulmonary stenosis and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Coronary artery anomalies have only been reported in a few cases. We report a child with Noonan syndrome status post pulmonary stenosis and atrial septal defect repair, who developed bilateral coronary artery aneurysms. The aneurysms were diagnosed with both cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and coronary computed tomography angiography. There had been no evidence of them on a cardiac MR exam 5 years previously.

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K.D.H. and P.T.N. receive grant support from Siemens Medical Solutions, Malvern, PA, USA.

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Correspondence to Klaus D. Hagspiel.

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Mauro, D.M., Flors, L., Hoyer, A.W. et al. Development of bilateral coronary artery aneurysms in a child with Noonan syndrome. Pediatr Radiol 46, 422–425 (2016).

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