Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 9, pp 1117–1127 | Cite as

Comparison of radiation dose estimates, image noise, and scan duration in pediatric body imaging for volumetric and helical modes on 320-detector CT and helical mode on 64-detector CT

  • Jennifer H. Johnston
  • Daniel J. Podberesky
  • Terry T. Yoshizumi
  • Erin Angel
  • Greta Toncheva
  • David B. Larson
  • John C. Egelhoff
  • Colin Anderson-Evans
  • Giao B. Nguyen
  • Alessandra Barelli
  • Christopher Alsip
  • Shelia R. Salisbury
  • Donald P. Frush
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Advanced multidetector CT systems facilitate volumetric image acquisition, which offers theoretic dose savings over helical acquisition with shorter scan times.

Objective

Compare effective dose (ED), scan duration and image noise using 320- and 64-detector CT scanners in various acquisition modes for clinical chest, abdomen and pelvis protocols.

Materials and methods

ED and scan durations were determined for 64-detector helical, 160-detector helical and volume modes under chest, abdomen and pelvis protocols on 320-detector CT with adaptive collimation and 64-detector helical mode on 64-detector CT without adaptive collimation in a phantom representing a 5-year-old child. Noise was measured as standard deviation of Hounsfield units.

Results

Compared to 64-detector helical CT, all acquisition modes on 320-detector CT resulted in lower ED and scan durations. Dose savings were greater for chest (27–46%) than abdomen/pelvis (18–28%) and chest/abdomen/pelvis imaging (8–14%). Noise was similar across scanning modes, although some protocols on 320-detector CT produced slightly higher noise.

Conclusion

Dose savings can be achieved for chest, abdomen/pelvis and chest/abdomen/pelvis examinations on 320-detector CT compared to helical acquisition on 64-detector CT, with shorter scan durations. Although noise differences between some modes reached statistical significance, this is of doubtful diagnostic significance and will be studied further in a clinical setting.

Keywords

Radiation dosage Volume computed tomography Multidetector computed tomography Scan time Children 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer H. Johnston
    • 2
  • Daniel J. Podberesky
    • 1
  • Terry T. Yoshizumi
    • 4
  • Erin Angel
    • 5
  • Greta Toncheva
    • 6
    • 7
  • David B. Larson
    • 1
  • John C. Egelhoff
    • 1
    • 3
  • Colin Anderson-Evans
    • 6
    • 8
  • Giao B. Nguyen
    • 6
  • Alessandra Barelli
    • 5
  • Christopher Alsip
    • 1
  • Shelia R. Salisbury
    • 9
  • Donald P. Frush
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.The University of Texas Medical School at Houston6431 Fannin St., MSB 2.130BHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyPhoenix Children’s HospitalPhoenixUSA
  4. 4.Radiation Safety Division, Department of RadiologyDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  5. 5.Toshiba America Medical SystemsTustinUSA
  6. 6.Duke University Medical CenterDepartment of RadiologyDurhamUSA
  7. 7.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  8. 8.Quality Assurance ServicesChula VistaUSA
  9. 9.Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCenter for Epidemiology and BiostatisticsCincinnatiUSA

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