Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 7, pp 803–813 | Cite as

Interactive digital atlas of skeletal surveys for common skeletal dysplasias

Original Article



Skeletal dysplasias are conditions of abnormal bone and cartilage growth resulting in short stature. Developing expertise in the radiographic evaluation of dysplasias can be difficult because more than 250 skeletal dysplasias have been described. Exhaustive description of individual dysplasias can be found in hard copy textbooks, without the ability to compare dysplasias side by side.


To provide radiographic images of several common skeletal dysplasias with comparative normal skeletal surveys, thus facilitating understanding of the terminology and differences in imaging appearances commonly encountered in interpreting dysplasias.

Materials and methods

Images from skeletal surveys obtained at our institution from 2006 to 2010 were compiled and reviewed for best quality images. Selected surveys were divided into body parts. The software program used for viewing the atlas permits linked scrolling, resizing of images, and simultaneous comparison of cases.


Radiographic images for 13 common skeletal dysplasias and 3 comparative normal skeletons (neonate, infant and child) are provided as an interactive digital atlas.


The placement of images of several common skeletal dysplasias with descriptive text in an interactive and comparative format facilitates understanding of basic radiographic terminology and appearances. We describe the atlas and discuss skeletal survey interpretation.


Skeletal dysplasia Skeletal survey Radiography Atlas Children 


  1. 1.
    Lachman RS (2008) Skeletal dysplasias. In: Slovis T (ed) Caffey’s pediatric diagnostic imaging, 11th edn. Mosby Elsevier, Philadelphia, p 2613Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Spranger JW, Brill PW, Poznanski A (2002) Bone dysplasias: an atlas of genetic disorders of skeletal development, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lachman RS (2007) Taybi and Lachman’s radiology of syndromes, metabolic disorders and skeletal dysplasias, 5th edn. Mosby Elsevier, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    International Skeletal Dysplasia Registry at Cedars-Sinai Health System, (accessed 21 August 2012)
  5. 5.
    Jelacic S, de Regt D, Weinberger E (2006) Interactive digital MR atlas of the pediatric brain. Radiographics 26:497–501PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Warman ML, Cormier-Daire V, Hall C et al (2011) Nosology and classification of genetic skeletal disorders: 2010 revision. Am J Med Genet A 155:943–968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Parnell SE, Phillips GS (2012) Neonatal skeletal dysplasias. Pediatr Radiol 42:S150–S157PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shawn E. Parnell
    • 1
  • Corey Wall
    • 1
  • Edward Weinberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologySeattle Children’s HospitalSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations