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Deep sedation during pneumatic reduction of intussusception

Abstract

Background

Pneumatic reduction of intussusception under fluoroscopic guidance is a routine procedure. The unsedated child may resist the procedure, which may lengthen its duration and increase the radiation dose. We use deep sedation during the procedure to overcome these difficulties.

Objective

The purpose of this study was to summarize our experience with deep sedation during fluoroscopic reduction of intussusception and assess the added value and complication rate of deep sedation.

Materials and methods

All children with intussusception who underwent pneumatic reduction in our hospital between January 2004 and June 2011 were included in this retrospective study. Anesthetists sedated the children using propofol. The fluoroscopic studies, ultrasound (US) studies and the childrens' charts were reviewed.

Results

One hundred thirty-one attempted reductions were performed in 119 children, of which 121 (92%) were successful and 10 (8%) failed. Two perforations (1.5%) occurred during attempted reduction. Average fluoroscopic time was 1.5 minutes. No complication to sedation was recorded.

Conclusions

Deep sedation with propofol did not add any complication to the pneumatic reduction. The fluoroscopic time was short. The success rate of reduction was high, raising the possibility that sedation is beneficial, possibly by smooth muscle relaxation.

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Correspondence to Anat Ilivitzki.

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Ilivitzki, A., Shtark, L.G., Arish, K. et al. Deep sedation during pneumatic reduction of intussusception. Pediatr Radiol 42, 562–565 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-011-2311-0

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Keywords

  • Intussusception
  • Pneumatic reduction
  • Sedation
  • Propofol