Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 39, Issue 9, pp 904–916 | Cite as

Pediatric blunt splenic trauma: a comprehensive review

  • Karen N. Lynn
  • Gabriel M. Werder
  • Rachel M. Callaghan
  • Ashley N. Sullivan
  • Zafar H. Jafri
  • David A. Bloom
Review

Abstract

Abdominal trauma is a leading cause of death in children older than 1 year of age. The spleen is the most common organ injured following blunt abdominal trauma. Pediatric trauma patients present unique clinical challenges as compared to adults, including different mechanisms of injury, physiologic responses, and indications for operative versus nonoperative management. Splenic salvage techniques and nonoperative approaches are preferred to splenectomy in order to decrease perioperative risks, transfusion needs, duration/cost of hospitalization, and risk of overwhelming postsplenectomy infection. Early and accurate detection of splenic injury is critical in both adults and children; however, while imaging findings guide management in adults, hemodynamic stability is the primary determinant in pediatric patients. After initial diagnosis, the primary role of imaging in pediatric patients is to determine the level and duration of care. We present a comprehensive literature review regarding the mechanism of injury, imaging, management, and complications of traumatic splenic injury in pediatric patients. Multiple patients are presented with an emphasis on the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma organ injury grading system. Clinical practice guidelines from the American Pediatric Surgical Association are discussed and compared with our experience at a large community hospital, with recommendations for future practice guidelines.

Keywords

Spleen Blunt abdominal trauma Pediatric Nonoperative management 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen N. Lynn
    • 1
  • Gabriel M. Werder
    • 1
  • Rachel M. Callaghan
    • 1
  • Ashley N. Sullivan
    • 2
  • Zafar H. Jafri
    • 1
  • David A. Bloom
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyWilliam Beaumont HospitalRoyal OakUSA
  2. 2.St. George’s University School of MedicineGrenadaWest Indies
  3. 3.Section of Pediatric Radiology, Department of RadiologyWilliam Beaumont HospitalRoyal OakUSA

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