Variable Treatment Approaches for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Complications in Neonates: A Case Series


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation complications involving vascular injury or intracardiac thrombosis in neonates are rare. We present a series of unique complications and describe their variable treatments.

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Correspondence to Zahid Amin.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Supplementary material 1 Angiography performed in the ascending aorta demonstrated flow of contrast into the large pseudoaneusym. (AVI 8372 KB)

Supplementary material 2 Angiography performed in the aortic arch demonstrated unobstructed flow of contrast through the stents and no flow into the pseudoaneurysm. (AVI 6179 KB)

Supplementary material 3 TTE demonstrated an intimal flap arising from the inferior edge of the aortic arch resulting in intermittent obstruction to flow in the aortic arch. (AVI 4480 KB)

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VanLoozen, D., Burch, Z., Shivaram, P. et al. Variable Treatment Approaches for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Complications in Neonates: A Case Series. Pediatr Cardiol 40, 664–667 (2019).

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  • ECMO
  • Neonatal
  • Transcatheter intervention
  • Cardiac surgery