Anomalous drainage of the right superior vena cava into the left atrium (LA) has been previously reported in the medical literature. We present a unique case of a child who had two superior vena cavae, a left superior vena cava that drained normally through the coronary sinus to the right atrium, and a right superior vena cava that drained anomalously to the LA.
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The author deeply thanks Dr Syed Aitizaz Uddin, Consultant Cardiac Surgeon, and Dr. Mohamed Mofeed Morsy, Professor of Pediatrics and Pediatric Cardiology Madinah Cardiac Center in editing and improving the linguistics of this scientific paper.
Conflict of interest
The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed parental consent was obtained.
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Khoshhal, S. Anomalous Connection of the Right Superior Vena Cava to the Left Atrium in a Child with Bilateral Superior Vena Cavae: An Unusual Cause of Cyanosis. Pediatr Cardiol 40, 226–229 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00246-018-2013-6
- Abnormal systemic venous return
- Congenital heart disease