Comparative Bioaccumulation of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons from Sediment by Two Infaunal Invertebrates
Bioaccumulation of chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHs) from field-contaminated sediments by two infaunal invertebrates, Rhepoxynius abronius (a non–deposit feeding amphipod) and Armandia brevis (a nonselective, deposit-feeding polychaete), was examined and species responses were compared. Sediments were selected over a large geographical area of the Hudson-Raritan estuary to assess the potential for bioaccumulation from a typical urban estuary. Unlike polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from these sediments, concentrations of CHs in interstitial water (IW) indicated that partition coefficients (Koc) were generally as expected, especially when based on predicted, nonsorbed, interstitial water CH concentrations (IWfree). Correlations between amphipod and polychaete tissue residues revealed that these species were responding similarly to a gradient of CH concentrations in sediment. While tissue residues and BAFloc (lipid/organic carbon normalized bioaccumulation factor) values for the trichlorobiphenyls were similar for both species, accumulation in the polychaete was three to 10 times higher for the more hydrophobic PCBs, which was attributed to differences in the route of exposure. A negative correlation between the bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and total organic carbon (TOC) was found for both species, which was expected according to equilibrium partitioning theory. Because it was assumed that the amphipod was not feeding in these tests and the polychaete was ingesting sediment, comparison of their tissue residues and bioaccumulation factors was useful for highlighting the importance of sediment ingestion, especially for short-term, nonequilibrium exposures. These results may also help elucidate the limitations associated with assessing bioaccumulation and the resultant toxic response in standard 10-day toxicity tests with similar invertebrates.