Effect of GSTM1 and GSTT1 Polymorphisms on Genetic Damage in Humans Populations Exposed to Radiation From Mobile Towers

  • Sachin Gulati
  • Anita Yadav
  • Neeraj Kumar
  • Kanupriya
  • Neeraj K. Aggarwal
  • Rajesh Kumar
  • Ranjan Gupta


All over the world, people have been debating about associated health risks due to radiation from mobile phones and mobile towers. The carcinogenicity of this nonionizing radiation has been the greatest health concern associated with mobile towers exposure until recently. The objective of our study was to evaluate the genetic damage caused by radiation from mobile towers and to find an association between genetic polymorphism of GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes and DNA damage. In our study, 116 persons exposed to radiation from mobile towers and 106 control subjects were genotyped for polymorphisms in the GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes by multiplex polymerase chain reaction method. DNA damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes was determined using alkaline comet assay in terms of tail moment (TM) value and micronucleus assay in buccal cells (BMN). There was a significant increase in BMN frequency and TM value in exposed subjects (3.65 ± 2.44 and 6.63 ± 2.32) compared with control subjects (1.23 ± 0.97 and 0.26 ± 0.27). However, there was no association of GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms with the level of DNA damage in both exposed and control groups.


Comet Assay Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic Acid Tail Moment Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic Acid Buccal Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The work was performed in Animal Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra (Haryana), India. We are thankful to Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, India, for funding and to all blood donors for their voluntary participation in the study. We are also thankful to R. K. Kohli, vice chancellor, DAV University, Jalandhar (Punjab), India, for providing the spectrum analyzer.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  3. 3.Department of MicrobiologyKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  4. 4.Department of Forensic MedicinePGIMERChandigarhIndia

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