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PAH Contamination in Soils Adjacent to a Coal-Transporting Facility in Tapin District, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine the level of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), listed as priority pollutants by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), in surface soils around a coal-transporting facility in the western part of South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Three composite soil samples were collected from a coal stockpile, coal-hauling road, and coal port. Identification and quantification of PAH was performed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. The total content of 16 USEPA-PAH ranged from 11.79 to 55.30 mg/kg with arithmetic mean value of 33.14 mg/kg and median of 32.33 mg/kg. The 16 USEPA-PAH measured levels were found to be greater compared with most of the literature values. The levels of high molecular-weight PAH (5- and 6-ring) were dominant and formed 67.77–80.69 % of the total 16 USEPA-PAH The most abundant of individual PAH are indeno[1,2,3-cd] pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene with concentration ranges of 2.11–20.56 and 1.59–17.84 mg/kg, respectively. The degree of PAH contamination and subsequent toxicity assessment suggest that the soils of the study area are highly contaminated and pose a potential health risk to humans.

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Correspondence to Andy Mizwar.

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Mizwar, A., Trihadiningrum, Y. PAH Contamination in Soils Adjacent to a Coal-Transporting Facility in Tapin District, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 69, 62–68 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-015-0141-z

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Keywords

  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Concentration
  • Pyrogenic Source
  • Toxic Equivalent Quantity
  • Individual Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon