Advertisement

Effects of Contaminated St. Lucie River Saltwater Sediments on an Amphipod (Ampelisca abdita) and a Hard-Shell Clam (Mercenaria mercenaria)

  • Tham C. Hoang
  • Gary M. Rand
Article

Abstract

The St. Lucie estuary (SLE) ecosystem in South Florida has been shown to be contaminated with metals and pesticides. Our earlier studies also showed that aquatic organisms, especially benthic species in the SLE ecosystem, might be potentially at high risk from copper (Cu) exposure. The objectives of this study were to conduct studies with separate groups of organisms exposed to seven field-collected sediment samples from the St. Lucie River according to standard procedures to evaluate toxicity and tissue concentrations of Cu and zinc (Zn). Short term and longer term whole sediment acute toxicity studies were performed with Ampelisca abdita and Mercenaria mercenaria. Analysis of sediment chemical characteristics showed that Cu and Zn are of most concern because their concentrations in 86 % of the sediments were higher than the threshold effect concentrations for Florida sediment quality criteria and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Screening Quick Reference Tables (SQuiRTs) sediment values. There was no significant effect on survival of the tested organisms. However, increased Cu and Zn concentrations in the test organisms were found. Dry weight of the tested organisms was also inversely related to Cu and Zn concentrations in sediments and organisms. The effects on organism weight and Cu and Zn uptake raise concerns about the organism population dynamics of the ecosystem because benthic organisms are primary food sources in the SLE system and are continuously exposed to Cu- and Zn-contaminated sediments throughout their life cycle. The results of the present study also indicate that Cu and Zn exposures by way of sediment ingestion are important routes of exposure.

Keywords

Acid Volatile Sulfide Indian River Lagoon Apple Snail South Fork Citrus Grove 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Joan Browder of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Miami, Florida, USA) for funding this research under contract WC133F-09-CQ-0006 “Ecological Studies of Trophic Web Species and Potential Harmful Materials found in the St. Lucie Estuarine System” with the Florida International University. We are grateful to Indra Chacin Lares, Abraham Smith, and Dr. Brandi Echols in the ERAL of Florida International University for their assistance with conducting the study. We thank David Treering at the Loyola Institute of Environmental Sustainability for his assistance with the sampling map. This is contribution number 657 from the Southeast Environmental Research Center at Florida International University.

Supplementary material

244_2014_29_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17 kb)

References

  1. Alva AK, Graham JH, Anderson CA (1995) Soil-pH and copper effects on young Hamlin orange trees. Soil Sci Soc Am J 59:481–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ankley GT (1991) Predicting the toxicity of bulk sediments to aquatic organisms with aqueous test fractions: pore water vs. elutriate. Environ Toxicol Chem 10:1359–1366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ankley GT, Di Toro DM, Hansen DJ, Berry WJ (1996) Technical basis and proposal for deriving sediment quality criteria for metals. Environ Toxtcol Chem 15:2056–2066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berry WJ, Hansen DJ, Mahony JD, Robson DL, DiToro DM, Shipley BP et al (1996) Predicting the toxicity of metal-spiked laboratory sediments using acid-volatile sulfide and interstitial water normalizations. Environ Toxtcol Chem 15:2067–2079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Buchman MF (1999) NOAA screening quick reference tables, NOAA HAZMAT report 99-1. Coastal Protection and Restoration Division, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, SeattleGoogle Scholar
  6. Delfino JJ, Coates LA, Davis WM, Garcia KL, Jacobs MW, Marincic KJ, et al. (1991) Toxic pollutants in discharges, ambient waters, and bottom sediments. Volumes I and II. Submitted to the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, Tallahassee, FL. University of Florida, Gainsville, FLGoogle Scholar
  7. Dietrich AM, Gallagher DL, Klawiter KA (2001) Inputs of copper-based crop protectants to coastal creeks from pasticulture runoff. J Am Water Resour Assoc 37:281–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Eriksson WA, Sundelin B (2002) Bioavailability of metals to the amphipod Monoporeia affinis: interactions with authigenic sulfides in urban brackish-water and freshwater sediments. Environ Toxicol Chem 21:1219–1228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (2010) Summary of Agricultural Pesticide Use in Florida: 2007–2009, October 2010. Available at: http://www.flaes.org/pdf/PUI_narrative_2010.pdf. Accessed 25 May 2011
  10. Florida Department of Environmental Protection (1994) Florida coastal sediment contaminants atlas. Office of the Secretary, TallahasseeGoogle Scholar
  11. Florida Department of Environmental Protection (2003) Development and evaluation of numerical sediment quality assessment guidelines for Florida inland waters. Technical report. MacDonald Environmental Sciences Ltd., Nanaimo, BC, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  12. Forbes TL, Forbes VE, Giessing A, Hansen R, Kure LK (1998) Relative role of pore water versus ingested sediment in bioavailability of organic contaminants in marine sediments. Environ Toxicol Chem 17:2453–2462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Haunert DE (1988) Sediment characteristics and toxic substances in the St. Lucie estuary, Florida. Technical publication 88-10. Environmental Sciences Division, Resource Planning Department, South Florida Water Management DistrictGoogle Scholar
  14. He ZL, Zhang M, Yang XE, Stoffella PJ (2006) Release behavior of copper and zinc from sandy soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70:1699–1707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hoang TC, Rogevich EC, Rand GM, Gardinali PR, Frakes RA, Bargar TA (2008a) Copper desorption in flooded agricultural soils and toxicity to the Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa): implications in Everglades restoration. Environ Pollut 154:338–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hoang TC, Rogevich EC, Rand GM, Frakes RA (2008b) Copper uptake and depuration by juvenile and adult Florida apple snails (Pomacea paludosa). Ecotoxicology 17:605–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hoang TC, Schuler LJ, Rogevich EC, Bachman PM, Rand GM, Frakes RA (2009a) Copper release, speciation, and toxicity following multiple floodings of copper enriched agriculture soils: implications in everglades restoration. Water Air Soil Pollut 199:79–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hoang TC, Schuler LJ, Rand GM (2009b) Effects of copper in flooded Florida agricultural soils on Hyalella azteca. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 56:459–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hoang TC, Pryor RL, Rand GM, Frakes RA (2011) Bioaccumulation and toxicity of copper in outdoor freshwater microcosms. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 74:1011–1020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Labrech TMC, Dietrich AM, Gallagher DL, Shepherd N (2002) Copper toxicity to larval Mercenaria mercenaria (hard clam). Environ Toxicol Chem 21:760–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Leslie AJ (1990) Aquatic use of copper-based herbicides in Florida. Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management, Florida Department of Natural Resources, Tallahassee, FL 1e14Google Scholar
  22. Long ER, Morgan LG (1990) The potential for biological effects of sediment-sorbed contaminants tested in the National Status and Trends Program. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, SeattleGoogle Scholar
  23. Long ER, MacDonald DD, Smith SL, Calder FD (1995) Incidence of adverse biological effects within ranges of chemical concentrations in marine and estuarine sediments. Environ Manag 19:81–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. MacDonald DD, Carr RS, Calder FD, Long ER, Ingersoll CG (1996) Development and evaluation of sediment quality guidelines for Florida coastal waters. Ecotoxicology 5:253–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. McGrath JA, Paquin PR, Di Toro DM (2002) Use of the SEM and AVS approach in predicting metal toxicity in sediments. HydroQual, Inc., Mahwah, NJ (USA). International Council on Mining and MetalsGoogle Scholar
  26. Moore PA Jr, Daniel TC, Gilmour JT, Shreve BR, Edwards DR, Wood BH (1998) Decreasing metal runoff from poultry litter with aluminum sulfate. J Environ Qual 27:92–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rainbow PS (2002) Trace metal concentrations in aquatic invertebrates: why and so what? Environ Pollut 120:497–507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Reuther W, Smith PF (1952) Iron chlorosis in Florida citrus soils in relation to certain soil constituents. Proc Florida State Hortic Soc 65:62–69Google Scholar
  29. Rule JH (1985) Chemical extractions of heavy metals in sediments as related to metal uptake by grass shrimp (Paleamonetes pugio) and clam (Mercenaria mercenaria). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 14:749–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Schuler LJ, Hoang TC, Rand GM (2008) Aquatic risk assessment of copper in freshwater and saltwater ecosystems of South Florida. Ecotoxicology 17:642–659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Trefry JH, Trocine RP (2011) Metals in sediments and clams from the Indian River Lagoon, Florida: 2006-7 versus 1992. Florida Sci 74:43–62Google Scholar
  32. Trocine RP, Trefry JH (1993) Toxic substances survey for the Indian River Lagoon system. Final report to St. Johns River Water Management District. Available from St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FLGoogle Scholar
  33. Trocine RP, Trefry JH (1996) Metal concentrations in sediment, water and clams from the Indian River Lagoon, Florida. Mar Pollut Bull 32:754–759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. United States Department of Agriculture (2006) Agricultural chemical usage summary, 2005 fruit summary. National Agricultural Statistical Service, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  35. United States Environmental Protection Agency (1994) Methods for assessing the toxicity of sediment-associated contaminants with estuarine and marine amphipods. EPA-600/R-94/025. Office of Research and Development, USEPA, Narragansett, RIGoogle Scholar
  36. United States Environmental Protection Agency (1996a) Acid digestion of sediment, sludges and soils. USEPA method 3050B. SW–846 manual. USEPA, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  37. United States Environmental Protection Agency (1996b) Ecological effects test guidelines. Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances. EPA 712–C–96–129. OPPTS 850.1730. Fish BCF. USEPA, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment Laboratory, Earth & Environment Department, Southeast Environmental Research CenterFlorida International UniversityNorth Miami BeachUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental SustainabilityLoyola University ChicagoChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations