Advertisement

Levels of Persistent Organochlorine Contaminants in Fish from Korea and Their Potential Health Risk

  • U. H. YimEmail author
  • S. H. Hong
  • W. J. Shim
  • J. R. Oh
Article

Abstract

Organochlorine contaminants in the muscles of sport and market fish were determined to understand the potential risks to humans consuming fish originating in Korea’s coastal waters. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs; sum of 22 congeners) and DDTs were the dominant contaminants, and their concentrations were in the range of 2.96 to 96.6 and 0.84 to 27.0 ng/g (wet weight basis), respectively. The highest PCB concentrations were found in samples taken from an industrial complex. Hexachlorocyclohexanes, chlordane-related compounds, and hexachlorobenzene concentrations were relatively low and ranged from 0.64 to 5.6, 0.17 to 4.24, and 0.08 to 1.58, respectively. Sport fish had levels of PCBs and DDTs approximately two times higher than market fish, implying that sport fish posed high potential risk of contamination with OCs. Risk-based screening value (SV) based on U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) method was calculated using the USEPA approach to identify the primary chemicals of concern. Total PCB concentrations in all sport and market fish exceeded the SV (5.04 ng/g based on total PCBs), but the other compounds were mostly below SV values. Based on the estimated SVs, PCB compounds were identified as potential chemicals of concern.

Keywords

PCBs Fish Consumption Total PCBs Heptachlor Epoxide Sport Fish 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Dr. Narayanan Kannan for valuable comments. This work was supported by grants-in-aid from Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (Project No. PE873-00) and the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (Grant No. R03-2003-000-10060-0).

References

  1. Atuma, SS, Linder, CE, Andersson, O, Bergh, A, Hansson, L, Wicklund-Glynn, A 1996CB153 as indicator for congener specific determination of PCBs in diverse fish species from Swedish watersChemosphere3314591464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Borgå, K, Gabrielsen, GW, Skaare, JU 2001Biomagnification of organochlorines along a Barents Sea food chainEnviron Pollut113187198CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Chan, HM, Chan, KM, Dickman, M 1999Organochlorines in Hong Kong fishMar Pollut Bull39346351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cullen, AC, Vorhees, DJ, Altshul, AM 1996Influence of harbor contamination on the level and composition of polychlorinated biphenyls in produce in Greater New Bedford, MassachusettsEnviron Sci Technol3015811588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Das, B, Khan, YSA, Das, P, Shaheen, SM 2002Organochlorine pesticide residues in catfish, Tachysurus thalassinus (Ruppell, 1835) from the South Patches of the Bay of BengalEnviron Pollut120255259CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Deshpande, AD, Draxler, AFJ, Zdanowicz, VS, Schrock, ME, Paulson, AJ 2002Contaminant levels in the muscle of four species of fish important to the recreational fishery of the New York Bight ApexMar Pollut Bull44164177CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Devoto, E, Kohlmeier, L, Heeschen, W 1998Some dietary predictors of plasma organochlorine concentrations in an elderly German populationArch Environ Health53147155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Dougherty, CP, Holtz, SH, Reinert, JC, Panyacosit, L, Axelrad, DA, Woodruff, TJ 2000Dietary exposure to food contaminants across the United StatesEnviron Res84170185CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Fairey, R, Taberski, K, Lamerdin, S, Johnson, E, Clark, RP, Downing, JW,  et al. 1997Organochlorines and other environmental contaminants in muscle tissues of sportfish collected from San Francisco BayMar Pollut Bull3410581071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization1996Food balance sheetsFood and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsRome, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  11. Guruge, KS, Tanabe, S 2001Contamination by persistent organochlorines and butyltin compounds in the west coast of Sri LankaMar Pollut Bull42179186CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hong SH (2002) Environmental occurrence and bioaccumulation of organochlorines in Korean coastal waters. Doctoral thesis, Ewha Woman’s University, Seoul, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  13. Hong, SH, Yim, UH, Shim, WJ, Oh, JR, Lee, IS 2003Horizontal and vertical distribution of PCBs and chlorinated pesticides from Masan Bay, KoreaMar Pollut Bull46244253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (1999) Integrated risk information system. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Duluth, MNGoogle Scholar
  15. Iwata, H, Tanabe, S, Sakal, N, Tatsukawa, R 1993Distribution of persistent organochlorines in the Oceanic air and surface seawater and the role of ocean on their global transport and fateEnviron Sci Technol2710801098Google Scholar
  16. Kannan, K, Tanabe, S, Williams, RJ, Tatsukawa, R 1994Persistent organochlorine residues in foodstuffs from Australia, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands: Contamination levels and human dietary exposureSci Total Environ1532949PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Kannan, K, Tanabe, S, Tatsukawa, R 1995Geographical distribution and accumulation features of organochlorine residues in fish tropical Asia and OceaniaEnviron Sci Technol2926732683Google Scholar
  18. Kannan, K, Tanabe, S, Giesy, JP, Tatsukawa, R 1997Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in foodstuffs from Asian and Oceanic countriesRev Environ Contam Toxicol152155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Klumpp, DW, Huasheng, H, Humphrey, C, Xinhong, W 2002Toxic contaminants and their biological effects in coastal waters of Xiamen, China I. Organic pollutants in mussel and fish tissuesMar Pollut Bull44752760PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Korea Rural Economic Institute (2003). Food balance sheet, 2002. Korea Rural Economic Institute, Seoul. Available at: http://203.255.236.5:8000/kreistats/src/list_2.jsp?pclass=1&mclass=6
  21. Lee, JS, Tanabe, S, Takemoto, N, Kubodera, T 1997Organochlorine residues in deep-sea organisms from Suruga Bay, JapanMar Pollut Bull34250258Google Scholar
  22. Li, YF 1999Global technical hexachlorocyclohexane usage and its contamination consequences in the environment: From 1948 to 1997Sci Total Environ232121158Google Scholar
  23. Livingstone, DR 1998The fate of organic xenobiotics in aquatic ecosystems: Quantitative and qualitative differences in biotransformation by invertebrates and fishComp Biochem Physiol A1204349Google Scholar
  24. Manirakiza, P, Covaci, A, Nizigiymana, L, Ntakimazi, G, Schepens, P 2002Persistent chlorinated pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in selected fish species from Lake Tanganyika, Burundi, AfricaEnviron Pollut117447455PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Minh, NH, Someya, M, Minh, TB, Kunisue, T, Iwata, H, Watanabe, M,  et al. 2004Persistent organochlorine residues in human breast milk from Hanoi and Hochiminh City, Vietnam: Contamination, accumulation kinetics and risk assessment for infantsEnviron Pollut129431441PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Monirith, I, Nakata, H, Tanabe, S, Tana, TS 1999Persistent organochlorine residues in marine and freshwater fish in CambodiaMar Pollut Bull38604612Google Scholar
  27. Ruus, A, Ugland, KI, Espeland, O, Skaare, JU 1999Organochlorine contaminants in a local marine food chain from Jarfjord, northern NorwayMar Environ Res48131146Google Scholar
  28. Schecter, A, Dellarco, M., Päpke, O, Olson, J 1998A comparison of dioxins, dibenzofurans and coplanar PCBs in uncooked and broiled ground beef, catfish and baconChemosphere3717231730PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Smith, AG, Gangolli, SD 2002Organochlorine chemicals in seafood: Occurrence and health concernsFood Chem Toxicol40767779PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Strandberg, B, Strandberg, L, Bergqvist, P-A, Falandysz, J, Rappe, C 1998Concentrations and biomagnification of 17 chlordane compounds and other organochlorines in harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) and herring from the southern Baltic SeaChemosphere3725132523PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Stuetz, W, Prapamontol, T, Erhardt, JG, Classen, HG 2001Organochlorine pesticide residues in human milk of a Hmong hill tribe living in Northern ThailandSci Total Environ2735360PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Tsutsumi, T, Yanagi, T, Nakamur, M, Kono, Y, Uchibe, H, Iida, T,  et al. 2001Update of daily intake of PCDDs, PCDFs, and dioxin-like PCBs from food in JapanChemosphere4511291137PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Ueno, D, Iwata, H, Tanabe, S, Ikeda, K, Koyama, J, Yamada, H 2002Specific accumulation of persistent organochlorines in bluefin tuna collected from Japanese coastal watersMar Pollut Bull45254261PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2000a) Guidance for assessing chemical contaminant data for use in fish advisories–Fish sampling and analysis, 3rd ed. (EPA 823-R-B−00-007). Volume 1. Office of Water, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  35. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2000b) Guidance for assessing chemical contaminant data for use in fish advisories–Risk assessment and fish consumption limits, 3rd ed. (EPA 823-R-B-00-008). Volume 2. Office of Water, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  36. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2000) Action levels of poisonous or deleterious substances in human food and animal feed. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington DC. Available at: http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/∼/rd/fdaact.html#poly
  37. Voldner, EC, Li, YF 1995Global usage of selected persistent organochlorinesSci Total Environ160/161201210Google Scholar
  38. Wania, F, Mackay, D 1996Tracking the distribution of persistent organic pollutantsEnviron Sci Technol30390396Google Scholar
  39. World Health Organization1993Polychlorinated biphenyls and terphenyls2Office of PublicationGeneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  40. Willett, KL, Ulrich, EM, Hites, RA 1998Differential toxicity and environmental fates of hexachlorocyclohexane isomersEnviron Sci Technol3221972207Google Scholar
  41. Zabik, ME, Booren, A, Zabik, MJ, Welch, R, Humphery, H 1996Pesticide residues, PCBs and PAHs in baked, charbroiled, salt boiled and smoked Great Lakes lake troutFood Chem55231239Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. H. Yim
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. H. Hong
    • 1
  • W. J. Shim
    • 1
  • J. R. Oh
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Coastal Environment Research DivisionKorea Ocean Research and Development InstituteJangmok-myonKorea

Personalised recommendations