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Confirming the Species-Sensitivity Distribution Concept for Endosulfan Using Laboratory, Mesocosm, and Field Data

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Abstract

In Australia, water-quality trigger values for toxicants are derived using protective concentration values based on species-sensitivity distribution (SSD) curves. SSD curves are generally derived from laboratory data with an emphasis on using local or site-specific data. In this study, Australian and non-Australian laboratory-species based SSD curves were compared and the concept of species protection confirmed by comparison of laboratory-based SSD curves with local mesocosm experiments and field monitoring data. Acute LC50 data for the organochlorine pesticide endosulfan were used for these comparisons; SSD curves were fitted using the Burr type III distribution. SSD curves indicated that the sensitivities of Australian fish and arthropods were not significantly different from those of corresponding non-Australian taxa. Arthropod taxa in the mesocosm were less sensitive than taxa in laboratory tests, which suggests that laboratory-generated single-species data may be used to predict concentrations protective of semifield (mesocosm) systems. SSDs based on laboratory data were also protective of field populations.

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Hose, ., Van den Brink, . Confirming the Species-Sensitivity Distribution Concept for Endosulfan Using Laboratory, Mesocosm, and Field Data. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 47, 511–520 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-003-3212-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-003-3212-5

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