Preface: Breaking the stone
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Over the last 50 years, the surgical treatment of urinary stones has changed tremendously. Whereas up to the 1970s, open surgery was the treatment of choice; various technologies have since been developed that have made stone treatment highly efficacious and much more minimally invasive for the patient.
This special issue aims at providing an up-to-date overview of available stone treatment options. It also discusses and presents not only the latest technological developments but also shares the vast experience of some of the leading experts in the field.
Modern surgical stone treatment is based on three basic technologies: extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), ureterorenoscopy (URS), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). The reader will immediately notice that there is no mention of open stone surgery. That does not mean that open stone surgery is completely obsolete. In certain cases, in experienced hands, and when other technologies or expertise in those technologies is...
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Conflict of interest
There are no conflicts of interest concerning the publication of this article.
Research involving human participants/animals
There is no research involving humans or animals included in the article.
Informed consent from patients was not required for the writing of this article.