Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 84, Issue 2–3, pp 139–143

Molecular Convergent Evolution of the MYBPC2 Gene Among Three High-Elevation Amphibian Species

Letter to the Editor

DOI: 10.1007/s00239-017-9782-z

Cite this article as:
Yang, W., Lu, B. & Fu, J. J Mol Evol (2017) 84: 139. doi:10.1007/s00239-017-9782-z


We report a strong pattern of molecular-level convergent/parallel evolution of the MYBPC2 gene. Three high-elevation amphibian species, Bufo gargarizans minshanicus, Nanorana pleskei, Rana kukunoris, revealed remarkable numbers of convergent and parallel amino acid substitutions. On the MYBPC2 gene tree of eleven anurans, the three distantly related species formed a strongly supported clade that was away from their respective relatives. Furthermore, we generated both model-based and empirical data-based null distributions for neutral convergent evolution. All three pairwise comparisons among the three species showed significantly more convergent and parallel substitutions than the null distributions. This study adds to the very small roster of clear cases of non-neutral molecular convergent evolution (e.g. prestin, rhodopsin). Molecular convergent evolution has significant implications in biology and detailed case studies will likely provide more insight into its genetic mechanisms.


Molecular convergence Case-study Amphibian MYBPC2 gene 

Supplementary material

239_2017_9782_MOESM1_ESM.docx (154 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 153 KB)
239_2017_9782_MOESM2_ESM.txt (38 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (TXT 37 KB)
239_2017_9782_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (39 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 38 KB)
239_2017_9782_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (59 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 59 KB)

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
National Nature Science Foundation of China
  • 31328021

    Copyright information

    © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

    Authors and Affiliations

    1. 1.Chengdu Institute of BiologyChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
    2. 2.Department of Integrative BiologyUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada
    3. 3.Department of BiologyLund UniversityLundSweden

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