European Journal of Plastic Surgery

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 255–258 | Cite as

Sessile and pedunculated facial keloid scar: a comparison of response to intralesional triamcinolone injection

  • Bayo Aluko-Olokun
  • Ademola Abayomi Olaitan
  • Akinola Ladipo Ladeinde
Original Paper



Intralesional injection of steroid is a reported treatment method for keloids. There are no prior studies comparing the response of sessile and pedunculated keloids to triamcinolone injections.


Fifty-two patients who attended the Maxillofacial Unit of the National Hospital Abuja between March 2006 and February 2010 for treatment of facial keloids were the subjects of this study. They were distributed into two groups. Twenty-six people in group A had sessile keloid scars, and 26 in group B presented with pedunculated keloid scars. Fortnightly injection of 10 mg of triamcinolone per centimetre of keloid lesion was administered on both groups for a maximum of 6 months.


Values of proportion of flattened lesions in each group were estimated. Flattening of lesion was achieved in 23 (88.46 %) cases in group A, with no such change observed in 3 (11.54 %). None (0 %) of the lesions in group B showed complete flattening after therapy.


Intralesional triamcinolone injection caused flattening of sessile keloid lesions, but does not have such effect on pedunculated lesion.

Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.


Sessile Pedunculated Keloid Triamcinolone 


Conflict of interest


Ethical standards

This study has been approved by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. All persons gave their informed consent prior to their inclusion in this study.

Patient consent

Patients provided written consent for the use of their images.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bayo Aluko-Olokun
    • 1
  • Ademola Abayomi Olaitan
    • 1
  • Akinola Ladipo Ladeinde
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Dental and Maxillofacial SurgeryNational Hospital AbujaAbujaNigeria

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