Reconstruction of soft tissue defects in the Achilles tendon region with perforator-based fasciocutaneous flaps
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Reconstruction of soft tissue defects in the Achilles tendon region can be technically demanding. Perforator-based flaps can be an effective local solution, replacing like-for-like skin. We report our experience with perforator-based flap reconstruction of the Achilles tendon region with or without rupture of the Achilles tendon.
Between January 1999 and 2011, 11 patients had perforator-based flaps based on peroneal and posterior tibial perforators. There were six V-Y advancement flaps, four propeller flaps and one peninsular flap. The mean defect size was 19.3 (range 9–36) cm2. One patient had reconstruction of a composite Achilles tendon defect.
There were no flap failures. Mean follow-up was 26.4 (range 3–120) months. Post-operative complications included haematoma in one patient and dehiscence of wound because of further sloughing of the tendon—at the distal edge of a V-Y advancement flap. This patient needed a second local flap. There were no wound breakdowns, painful sensitivity or difficulty with walking. All patients who had skin and soft tissue reconstruction only were partially weight bearing by 2 weeks and gradually increased weight bearing and fully weight bearing by 4 weeks.
Perforator-based flaps are a robust method of covering small- to medium-sized defects in the Achilles tendon region. Presence of multiple perforators on either side of the Achilles tendon invites a number of flap designs, tailored to the defect.
Level of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic study.
KeywordsAchilles tendon Perforator Propeller Advancement Peninsular Flap
Conflict of Interest
- 11.Niranjan S, Price RD, Govilkar P (2000) Fascial feeder and perforator-based V-Y advancement flaps in the reconstruction of lower limb defects. Br J Plast Surg 679–89Google Scholar