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European Journal of Plastic Surgery

, Volume 36, Issue 11, pp 701–706 | Cite as

Reconstruction of soft tissue defects in the Achilles tendon region with perforator-based fasciocutaneous flaps

  • Nabi MopuriEmail author
  • Vasu Karri
  • Nakul Patel
  • Niri Niranjan
Original Paper

Abstract

Background

Reconstruction of soft tissue defects in the Achilles tendon region can be technically demanding. Perforator-based flaps can be an effective local solution, replacing like-for-like skin. We report our experience with perforator-based flap reconstruction of the Achilles tendon region with or without rupture of the Achilles tendon.

Methods

Between January 1999 and 2011, 11 patients had perforator-based flaps based on peroneal and posterior tibial perforators. There were six V-Y advancement flaps, four propeller flaps and one peninsular flap. The mean defect size was 19.3 (range 9–36) cm2. One patient had reconstruction of a composite Achilles tendon defect.

Results

There were no flap failures. Mean follow-up was 26.4 (range 3–120) months. Post-operative complications included haematoma in one patient and dehiscence of wound because of further sloughing of the tendon—at the distal edge of a V-Y advancement flap. This patient needed a second local flap. There were no wound breakdowns, painful sensitivity or difficulty with walking. All patients who had skin and soft tissue reconstruction only were partially weight bearing by 2 weeks and gradually increased weight bearing and fully weight bearing by 4 weeks.

Conclusions

Perforator-based flaps are a robust method of covering small- to medium-sized defects in the Achilles tendon region. Presence of multiple perforators on either side of the Achilles tendon invites a number of flap designs, tailored to the defect.

Level of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic study.

Keywords

Achilles tendon Perforator Propeller Advancement Peninsular Flap 

Notes

Conflict of Interest

None

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nabi Mopuri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vasu Karri
    • 1
  • Nakul Patel
    • 1
  • Niri Niranjan
    • 1
  1. 1.St Andrews Centre for Plastic Surgery and BurnsBroomfield HospitalChelmsfordUK

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