Some properties of \(LUC({\mathcal X},{\mathcal G})^*\) as a banach left \(LUC({\mathcal G})^*\)-module

Research Article


Associated with a locally compact group \(\mathcal G\) and a \(\mathcal G\)-space \(\mathcal X\) there is a Banach subspace \(LUC({\mathcal X},{\mathcal G})\) of \(C_b({\mathcal X})\), which has been introduced and studied by Chu and Lau (Math Z 268:649–673, 2011). In this paper, we study some properties of the first dual space of \(LUC({\mathcal X},{\mathcal G})\). In particular, we introduce a left action of \(LUC({\mathcal G})^*\) on \(LUC({\mathcal X},{\mathcal G})^*\) to make it a Banach left module and then we investigate the Banach subalgebra \({{\mathfrak {Z}}({\mathcal X},{\mathcal G})}\) of \(LUC({\mathcal G})^*\), as the topological centre related to this module action, which contains \(M({\mathcal G})\) as a closed subalgebra. Also, we show that the faithfulness of this module action is related to the properties of the action of \(\mathcal G\) on \(\mathcal X\) and we prove an analogue of the main result of Lau (Math Proc Cambridge Philos Soc 99:273–283, 1986) for \({\mathcal G}\)-spaces. Sufficient and/or necessary conditions for the equality \({{\mathfrak {Z}}({\mathcal X},{\mathcal G})}=M({\mathcal G})\) or \(LUC({\mathcal G})^*\) are given. Finally, we apply our results to some special cases of \(\mathcal G\) and \(\mathcal X\) for obtaining various examples whose topological centres \({{\mathfrak {Z}}({\mathcal X},{\mathcal G})}\) are \(M({\mathcal G})\), \(LUC({\mathcal G})^*\) or neither of them.


\(\mathcal G\)-space Left uniformly continuous function Complex radon measure Measure algebra Left module action Topological centre 



We are indebted to the referee for the careful reading of the paper, the detailed criticism and their numerous remarks and suggestions which greatly improved the presentation of the paper. In particular, we corrected our mis-statements in Theorem 3.1 by the ones suggested by him/her.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsYazd UniversityYazdIran
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics, School of Mathematics and Computer ScienceDamghan UniversityDamghanIran

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