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Thermal performance improvement of multilayer insulation technique

Abstract

Multilayer insulation (MLI) technique has provided a reliable thermal protection mechanism for cryostat’s cold wall boundary against the ambient heat load, in particular, the thermal radiation heat load. The aim of the current work is to attain an improved thermal performance from MLI technique by scrutinizing its insulation potential in terms of the heat load. The intervening medium in this investigation is made up of three suitable spacer and radiation shield materials: perforated Double Aluminized Mylar (DAM) with Dacron, perforated DAM with Glass−tissue, and unperforated DAM with Silk−net. The thermal performance of MLI system is evaluated by exploring the impact of associated physical parameters such as emissivity and residual gas pressure, geometry of the radiation shields (perforation styles of radiation shields), and analyzing the effect of the radiation shield’s arrangement on the heat load. We have observed that for perforated DAM with Dacron, the radiation heat load is the lowest. A medium vacuum level < 0.01 Torr, perforation style PS\(_{\mathrm {A}}\) in the radiation shield (in low−temperature region), and positioning radiation shields with decreasing spacing from the cold to hot wall boundary region facilitates a significant reduction in the heat load.

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Notes

  1. Radiation shields are typically comprised of thin (paper−like) polyethylene or Mylar sheet reflecting layers, leading to a great number of such layers between the cold and hot wall boundaries. These reflective layers are usually coated with Aluminium (also Gold or Silver) on both sides to attain a high reflecting performance value [44]. Frequently utilized radiation shields in MLI technique are Double Aluminized Kapton [40], Double Aluminized Mylar (DAM) [9] and Aluminium foils [44], etc. There are many spacers used in various MLI performances like Nomex [40], Carbon fibrous, Alumina fibrous [5], Dacron, Glass−tissue, Silk−net [27], Refrasil [44], etc.

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Acknowledgements

The author D. Singh sincerely acknowledges Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR−UGC), New Delhi, India, for the financial support in the form of CSIR (JRF/SRF) fellowship. The authors D. Singh and V. Singh are grateful to the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), New Delhi, India for the financial support through Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC) project No. SPARC/2018−2019/P242/SL.

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Singh, D., Singh, M.K., Chaubey, A. et al. Thermal performance improvement of multilayer insulation technique. Heat Mass Transfer (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00231-022-03330-y

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