Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 54, Issue 10, pp 3035–3045 | Cite as

Pseudo-potential MRT - thermal LB simulation of flow boiling in vertical tubes

  • Tingzhen Sun
  • Nan Gui
  • Xingtuan Yang
  • Jiyuan Tu
  • Shengyao Jiang


The flow boiling in vertical tubes is simulated by the MRT pseudo-potential - thermal LB model to study the effect of contact angle. No empirical correlations are given in this simulation. To validate the model, the relationship between the acceleration of gravity and the departure velocity of bubble in the departure period is compared with the empirical formula. The effect of dynamic contact angle on boiling is investigated. The simulation results of the dynamic contact angle and the static contact angle show that the dynamic contact angle has great influence on the bubble behavior. The key features of dynamic contact angle, i.e. the advancing contact angle, receding contact angle and contact angle hysteresis, are investigated. The mechanisms of differences of entire bubble period and bubble departure diameter under various contact angles are discussed. The heat transfer coefficient, the critical heat flux and the flow pattern of different surfaces are investigated. The results suggest that the critical heat flux of hydrophilic surface are higher than that of hydrophobic surface.


Physical meaning


Density distribution function


Lattice velocity vector


Time step


Dimensionless velocity relaxation time


Resultant force


Constant-volume specific heat


Acceleration of gravity


Temperature distribution function


Equilibrium density distribution function


Saturation temperature


Calculation steps


Bubble departure diameter


A factor related with temperature


Heat flux


Advancing contact angle




Kinematic viscosity


Fluid density


Macroscopic velocity


Equilibrium velocity


Interparticle contact force


Sound speed of lattice


Potential function


Dimensionless temperature relaxation time


Equilibrium temperature distribution function


Surface tension


Bubble departure frequency


Heat transfer coefficient


Critical temperature


Equal to T/Tc


Receding contact angle


Interface velocity



The authors are grateful for the support of this research by the National Natural Science Foundations of China (Grant No. 51576211), the Science Fund for Creative Research Groups of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51621062), the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863)(2014AA052701), and the Foundation for the Author of National Excellent Doctoral Dissertation of P.R. China (FANEDD, Grant No. 201438).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Nuclear Energy Technology, Key Laboratory of Advanced Reactor Engineering and Safety of Ministry of EducationTsinghua UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of EngineeringRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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